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Dwell homosexual, Retire Rich! The ideal significant other for college students in legislations college tax classes and practitioners looking a worthwhile advent, this well known reference has been thoroughly up-to-date to mirror fresh advancements. Like previous variants, it comprises research of circumstances and ideas from the major casebooks on federal source of revenue tax, whole with causes, diagrams and circulate charts. State and Local Taxation and Finance in a Nutshell, 3d - download pdf or read online This advisor is a completely up-to-date precis of kingdom and federal legislation that pertain to public finance and taxation.
Principles of Federal Income Taxation Concise Hornbook The ideal significant other for college students in legislations college tax classes and practitioners looking a worthwhile advent, this well known reference has been thoroughly up-to-date to mirror fresh advancements. In den letzten Jahren ist Logistik zu einem zentralen Begriff in kritischen Globali-sierungsstudien avanciert. Ziel des Vortrags ist es, die Ergebnisse einer ersten Erforschung der Potentiale des "logistischen Blickes" in Bezug auf Migration darzustellen.
Dies scheint uns insbesondere nach dem so genannten "Sommer der Migration" relevant. The growing fear of an emerging pandemic has facilitated new efforts in infection control, where new technologies and laws have been introduced nationally and at the level of the WHO. This renewed emphasis on infection control is changing the character of Global Health. This is well described as a securitization of Global Health. The contemporary era is marked by what observers from across the political spectrum identify as housing crisis.
But most accounts of the housing problem see it in narrow terms that suggest narrow, technocratic responses. In contrast, this talk situates the housing crisis in a longer history of urban transformation and contestation. Examining contemporary and historical housing struggles in New York City, this talk will explore the roots of the current moment of crisis in the commodification of housing, trace the experience of residential alienation and precarity, and outline the political responses led by the city's inhabitants.
In an increasingly unequal city, the need for housing alternatives has never been greater, but housing politics in New York are more constrained than ever. The increasing prominence of this phenomenon on government and media agendas reflects concern about its apparent proliferation, with estimates of up to 10, such dwellings across Britain. However, little firm evidence exists on the scale, nature and causes of this type of informal shelter provision. Exploratory research examined experiences and perceptions of shed housing with migration and housing charities and local authorities in London and Manchester.
Contrary to framings which privilege legal categories relating to immigration status and housing standards, findings suggest that shelter informality is enabled by factors such as the growth of the private rental sector including a significant sub-market of low-income tenants in precarious and poor quality housing , the high demand and scarcity of affordable housing that contextualises this, and the decreasing regulatory capacity of local authorities.
Real estate in general and housing in particular have been one of the most powerful new frontiers of financial capital expansion during the last decades. Housing and urban policies have shifted from being part of the commonalities a society agrees to share or to provide to those with fewer resources, a means to distribute wealth, into a means to accumulate individual wealth and to generate financial gains. Taking the s as a starting point, and the current financial crisis as its first great international collapse, the lecture will offer a global panorama of the paradigm shift towards the colonization of urban land and housing by global finance.
The first part will describe the financialization of housing in different national contexts, trying to point out the different versions of the policies adopted. The second part will focus the mechanisms by which the tenure forms of the urban majorities become more insecure, opening ground to the hegemony of individual freehold as the one and only model. Both parts take examples from the cities in the global North as well as in the global South.
Unlike most of the countries in the developed world that have shrunken their welfare systems, some countries in Latin America have extended their social protection systems in the last decades, especially after left-wing politicians rose to power. In order to understand the complex implementation process of these social policies in the unequal Brazilian federation, local matters. Even though most of the decision-making power is centralized at the federal level, the municipalities have some discretionary power to organize the social services at the local level, considering which neighborhoods to prioritize, how to design complementary social services to the federal initiatives regarding poverty alleviation, among other dimensions.
This talk discusses the developments and the challenges of the local implementation of social assistance and conditional cash transfer programs in Brazil, considering new patterns of local governance. The talk combines a presentation of the main institutional arenas in which social policy is generated and the analysis of the political dynamics related to the governance of this social policy. I argue that this local governance is a consequence of the interactions and relations between state and non-state actors bureaucrats, politicians, civil society actors and vulnerable people in general , which are disputing different agendas, ideas and interests in this policy implementation process.
At the beginning of the 21st century, camps constitute an increasingly prominent feature of social landscapes across the world. Although regularly built as emergency devices for the management of displaced and undesirable populations, and justified as temporary necessities, camps often turn into durable socio-spatial formations whose logics of functioning and effects are articulated at the intersection of global, state and urban scales.
In this talk, we introduce a special issue of the journal CITY, which we edited in , and in which we offer a comprehensive and in-depth analysis of distinctive and varied camp formations in the Middle East, Western Europe and the USA. Silvia Pasquetti introduces the rationale of the special issue on "durable camps". She highlights the interdisciplinary conversations underpinning this critical examination of camp formations across different socio-political contexts.
She focuses on one distinct process examined in the special issue: In the process, she makes an argument in favor of studying camps beyond refugee populations. Giovanni Picker continues this overview of the main arguments and themes of the special issue by discussing another crucial but often neglected issue: He emphasizes how a focus on colonial governance and race contributes to shedding light on how camps are today viewed as taken for granted and necessary governance devices.
Through her analysis of everyday life of asylum seekers within reception centres in Germany and her concept of "threshold", Elena Fontanari addresses two other dimensions of camps: In , just over a hundred years ago, Georg Simmel asked questions about the relationship between life in the metropolis and mental life.
Observing that city life was being rapidly transformed into a different kind of social and technical arrangement that demanded different mental capacities from but also created a new type of individual. Although these traits produced a strange type, it also afforded new kinds of freedom. Although I will assume that all of this is quite well known, I will still refresh our memory and then proceed to ask similar questions about cyberspace and mental life.
Simmel could never have imagined the emergence of cyberspace but his questions are as probing today as they were then. The main focus of the research is the production of social membership in local level public policy making, especially through the discretionary power of street-level bureaucrats.
I examine two groups of men: Rejecting racialized colonial narratives that positioned salaried workers as "evolved," orators used anti-French rhetoric and ties to the political regime to pursue entrepreneurial identities. Vendors, positioned as illegitimate workers and non-citizens, asserted consumerist models of masculinity from global black popular culture. Entrepreneurialism and consumerism, the two paradigmatic neoliberal identities, became ways for these men to assert economic participation as alternatives to the producer-provider ideal. I employ "complicit masculinity" to examine how a relationship to capitalism mediates masculine identity for underemployed black men.
Arguing that hegemony operates around producer-provider norms of masculinity and through tropes of blackness within a system of racial capitalism, I show how complicity underscores the reality of differential aspirational models for blacks in the context of severe un- and underemployment and the failure of the classic breadwinner model for black men globally. Der Vortrag findet in deutscher Sprache statt. Presentation will be held in German language.
Stadtentwicklungspolitik ist konstitutiv umstritten. Zur Beantwortung dieser Frage schlage ich einen genealogischen und praxisanalytischen Zugang vor, mit dem ein dezentriertes und dynamisches Machtfeld der Stadtentwicklungspolitik rekonstruiert werden kann. In researching and writing change in thre e cities on three continents, I have confronted the question: This paper presents debate on questions such as: Cautions can be sounded around the problem of models — from Chicago to LA, and then on to Miami, Atlanta and cases in the elsewheres of global urbanisms.
The paper asks, how those actively applying their minds to city futures in more collective senses may confront the question: World War II was an urban war. Increasingly targeting civilians, this war inflicted tremendous physical destruction and human suffering on cities worldwide. This paper focuses on the history of air raid bunkers in Berlin to illustrate the linkages between war, ideology, and the urban environment. After twelve years of war, mass killing, and dictatorship, many cities lay in ruins.
After such a experience of war, violence and devastation, how was it possible to return to a sense of peace? What role did urban environments, particularly bunkers and their afterlives, play in this search for peace? Focusing on air raid bunkers, this presentation examines how they were dealt with after the war and which challenges they posed to the reconstruction of the city.
In particular, I look at the so-called rubble mountains that were created to get rid of the excessive amounts of rubble all over the city, but also to cover up former bunkers and other Nazi military installations. How were integrated into the postwar landscape of Berlin and what symbolic meaning did they hold for the historical commemoration of the NS regime and WW II? This presentation seeks to foster a critical debate about the conceptualization of war and peace as well as historical memory in urban areas and the role of the environment in it. Beton gilt als kri sensicher.
Die Verlierer des Booms sind die Mieter. Inequality and social polarisation have been high on the urban research agendas for a long time. They can be seen as crucial aspects in the debate of globalisation and global cities. At the same time, and largely separated from the literature on income inequality, we can detect an increasing attention for the diversity of cities and neighbourhoods and for the lives people live there.
In other cases, however, the new?
The research agendas on in equality and diversity are large and still expanding, but seem to be largely unconnected. To our opinion this is an unwanted situation. In this paper we will explore the ways in which this connection could be strengthened. To our opinion these connections are important, because ignoring the possibilities to combine research into inequality and urban diversity will lead to too general or even false conclusions and to policy failure.
Over the last decades, the popular promise for a better life was renewed not through increase in welfare spending, but through offering everyone easy access to credit. When Bush, Blair, Sarkozy, etc. The movements instituted radical gestures which took citizens outside the cadre of defining themselves as indebted subjects whose sole option is to sell their commons home or water to global speculators, and turned powerless indebted citizens into potentially powerful decision makers.
This talk will be based on several qualitative case studies of how changes of the EU border regime impact space uses in adjacent areas. Further I will argue that if we ground changes of border regimes in urban scale specific projects, it can be informative for rethinking the very nature of urbanity among other forms of social life. Capital as an abstract form does not require a particular form of personhood, or subjectivity.
However, capitalists have a long history of developing, using and manipulating categories of different persons, to fulfill their own interests. Historically the shaping of personhood within capitalism — and its analysis—has been closely hinged to property relations. In England the moral, legal and proper subject was dependent upon proximity to ownership of different capacities, with a key difference drawn between those considered as property for exchange labour, slavery and those who were non-exchangeable and could own 'themselves' eg the possessive individual of the Liberal social contract.
With a quick trip through neo-liberal imperatives to propertise personhood I will show how these very significant institutionalised differences in the relationship between property and personhood are being refigured by Facebook, as it finds novel ways to monetize the person. I will draw on a recent ESRC research project using software developed by Simon Yuill on the relationship between values and value to demonstrate how this is happening.
Most of these spaces emerged as a bottom-up solution to the recession and structural changes in creative urban labour markets. As spaces of encounter, co-working spaces link together a diverse set of actors in co-presence who have to negotiate a shared space; and they organize interaction across different spaces, supporting networks of communication that potentially could enable economic, political, and social action across wider territories.
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But, co-working spaces point to a bigger and very old question in urban sociology: How can cultural differences become productive rather than just sustained? Cities can be seen as geographical imaginaries: We may therefore speak of cityness rather than 'the city': It cannot be grasped as a fixed structure in which people find their lives, and is never stable, through agents designing courses of interactions with geographical imaginations.
This theoretical perspective on cities is currently reshaping the field of urban studies, requiring new forms of theory, comparisons and methods. Meanwhile, mainstream urban studies approaches neighbourhoods as fixed social-spatial units, producing effects on groups of residents.
Yet they have not convincingly shown empirically that the neighbourhood is an entity generating effects, rather than being the statistical aggregate where effects can be measured. This book challenges this common understanding, and argues for an approach that sees neighbourhood effects as the outcome of processes of marginalisation and exclusion that find spatial expressions in the city elsewhere.
It does so through a comparative study of an unusual kind: Sub-Saharan Africans, second generation Turkish and Lebanese girls, and alcohol and drug consumers, some of them homeless, arguably some of the most disadvantaged categories in the German capital, Berlin, in inner city neighbourhoods, and middle class families in owner-occupied housing. This book analyses urban inequalities through the lens of the city in the making, where neighbourhood comes to play a role, at some times, in some practices, and at some moments, but is not the point of departure.
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Young people have difficulties to find their place in contemporary societies, in the Global North as in the Global South. Hence, they easily feel useless in a society that seems to be in a crisis of sense. This all together nourishes a spirit of faithlessness and insecurity about the future of young generations, among adult as well as young urban residents. Rather, we start from the living reality of young urbanites in Abidjan and their understanding of their context, including the barriers and resources in their environment.
This allows for another analytical perspective without any prediction or a priori, which embeds the question in the continuity of trans-generational justice. We will discover the current and past identities, forms and fabrics, as they have been elaborated by the young urbanites and the local social systems. Hence, the updating and elaboration of a perspective of a society of the possible will be at the heart of the presentation. A society as it is fabricated day to day when actors are confronted with the urgency to conceive a present and to design a future in their everyday life.
Die Veranstaltung am Enthustiastic Taiwanese girls scanning the whole of Europe within 8 days, a Mexican filmmaker who is determined to shoot a short film during his 2 day stay or a Dutch writer working on his Berlin novel - they all and millions more want to discover their own version of Berlin.
The very personal experiences of travellers from various countries and cultures are contrasted with interviews, featuring politicians, tourism managers, urban researchers and Berlin citizens. We will then discuss how different visual languages can be used to approach complex social phenomena and processes and address the workings of visibility and visuality in urban contexts. Here, different developments come together.
First, Neustadt has experienced dramatic population loss in the last two decades. These brought about large-scale demolition programmes, as well as planning policies which aim to transform parts of the neighbourhood into green space. Second, Neustadt has experienced two waves of privatisation in the last two decades, leading to a complete change of ownership structures. Municipal and cooperative owners have been largely displaced by national and international financial investors which hold their stock as an asset and aim for short-term gains, rather than long-term development. Together, these developments have brought about an increased impoverishment of an already difficult neighbourhood and fostered processes of socio-spatial polarization.
The project analyses New Tenements, that is, high-density, multi-storey urban residences that have been erected since the s, often but not always following models from the nineteenth century. The project started in May and is financed by a two-year grant by the Leverhulme Trust. The presentation will be a report on a work in progress. New forms of urbanization are unfolding around the world challenging inherited conceptions of the urban as a fixed, bounded and universally generalizable settlement type.
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This talk will report on the ongoing collaborative work with Neil Brenner on planetary urbanization. Building upon reflexive approaches to critical social theory and our own research on planetary urbanization, we argue for a radical rethinking of inherited epistemological assumptions regarding the urban and urbanization. In this conceptualization, the emphasis on urban settlement types is superseded by an investigation of variegated urbanization processes. Our arguments are intended to ignite and advance further debate on the epistemological foundations for critical urban theory and practice today.
In this talk, I want to explore the significance of the coincidence of rising rates of in-migration to the UK and the transformation of the labour market into one dominated by polarised service sector employment. Women are increasingly significant in both migrant flows and as new entrants to the labour market and yet they seldom figure in the dominant theories of economic change by geographers and others. I will look at challenges to dominant explanations of labour market change, as well as raise questions about methods, and illustrate the arguments with oral narratives about the working lives of women migrants.
Cities all over the world are increasingly becoming super diverse, due to immigration. Studies on urban change, however, mostly focus on white middle classes and disregard ethnic minorities as actors in the processes of urban change. I will move beyond this limitation by analyzing upward mobility, residential choice and its consequences of Turkish-Germans in Berlin.
Particularly, I will focus on the Turkish-Germans access to and provision of resources. We will see that daily practices and networks are as, if not more, important for the flow of resources as the place of residence. Through providing and accessing resources, the Turkish-Germans do not only connect neighborhoods of different socioeconomic statuses, but also connect to people with diverse social and ethnic backgrounds.
Upwardly mobile ethnic minorities may thus be brokers for social and ethnic mix, which emerges, however, not primarily by sharing the same neighborhood, but through daily practices and networks. The special legal status imposed by the Troika as of , forms a lucrative environment for speculators-investors, dramatically altering the legal, constitutional order and imposing something of a semi-protectorate status upon the country.
His research concerns uneven geographical development and socio-spatial justice in the Eurozone, the social and spatial effects of economic crisis in Southern Europe, the role of small firms in local development and a radical interpretation of landscapes as part of everyday life. He is section editor for Regional Development in the International Encyclopedia of Human Geography Elsevier , managing editor of Geographies a Greek journal and member of editorial board in several other international journals.
His recent books all in Greek include: Contemporary Greek Landscapes editor, , Athens: Melissa, Space in Radical Thinking co-authored with D. Vaiou, , Athens: The book is the story of London as seen through the eyes of thirty adult migrants. It documents their experience through a dialogic or sociable sociology in which the participants are also becoming authors. Brazilian biggest metropolis is currently undergoing a major transformation largely due to the economic development Brazil has experienced over the last decade.
Based on ethnographic fieldwork which has been conducted since in the outskirts of Sao Paulo, the exposition presents a panorama of transformations in poor Brazilian neighborhoods and favelas from the 's until today. The twentieth century was dominated by two contrasting utopias: Ultimately, both visions ushered in centralising dystopias in the form totalitarian command economies in the former socialist countries and a corporate driven elite project of globalisation and privatisation.
As the twenty first century unfolds - with a financial crisis, economic recession and reheated neoliberal regime of fiscal austerity - there is an urgent need for a more democratic, egalitarian and participatory political economy that reclaims the public realm from its appropriation by elite interests. Yet, whilst private ownership is largely discredited, so too are older models of public ownership. In this talk, I argue that a revitalised model of decentred and diverse public ownership is essential to this task. Making Space for Economic Democracy , Zed.
Based on over 80 interviews with men and women in a Delhi squatter settlement, this paper examines how anxieties over the material annihilation of this home produces the corporeality and performance of gender and sexuality within the home. This paper explores how a state based violence of law is related to the violence in the squatter home, how sexual and intimate relationships within the family are shaped by the founding and maintaining violence of law and how encounters with law in the public realm transform notions of intimacy and justice within the squatter home.
Violence over gendered bodies then is normalised as a mundane aspect of everyday family life, while affective justice form the only ways to subvert forms of power and demand equity in gender relationships within the home. In the Netherlands, the do-it-yourself culture of citizens is mushrooming, but requires cooperation with stakeholders, such as the local government, housing corporations, and welfare organizations.
Such cooperation is accompanied by frictions between local and professional knowledge, different organization cultures and policy approaches e. To illustrate how stakeholders cope with these differences, examples from a 19th century neighbourhood will be used. These case studies show that apart from paternalism of the government, and compartmentalization of policies and budgets at the urban district, also differences between stakeholders and their approaches often harm mutual cooperation.
There has been a growing debate in recent decades about the range and substance of urban theory. The debate has been marked by many different claims about the nature of cities, including declarations that the urban is an incoherent concept, that urban society is nothing less than modern society as a whole, that the urban scale can no longer be separated from the global scale, and that urban theory hitherto has been deeply vitiated by its almost exclusive concentration on the cities of the global North. We argue against these perspectives.
The discussion thus identifies the common dimensions of all cities without, on the one hand, exaggerating the scope of urban theory, or on the other hand, asserting that every individual city is an irreducible special case. Urszula Wozniak will present a selection of clips from several documentaries and discuss how "urban renewal" projects reshape Istanbul's landscapes, as well as the lives of Istanbul residents. This unique film collage will provide an outlook on the everyday political struggles of post-Gezi Istanbul with focus on housing rights, environmentalism, and work security. Here, the state, in particularly local state carders, is a major operator of land-centered market development.
The talk reviews the historical origin of market transition in China and sees it as a response to a series of economic, social and political challenges at the end of state socialism. This mission involved a wide range of market reform initiatives. We argue that these initiatives require more state involvement rather than less, because this is a complex project. The state intervention is not a roll-out action to remedy the market defect, but rather using its dominant position to expand capital accumulation and achieve the political career of local leaders under the mechanism of elite selection and promotion.
Therefore, state entrepreneurialism is similar to urban entrepreneurialism is the sense that both recognize boosterism practices but the former emphasizes the state rather than the city as the actor. He has recently completed a book Planning for Growth: Urban and Regional Planning in China Routledge By the end of the 20th century, the dominant theories of urban poverty argued that U. I examine whether the conventional models have underestimated the extent of heterogeneity across U. I argue for alternative perspectives on poverty, concentration, and space.
How are European societies and cities changing in relation to globalisation? Individuals and groups are certainly becoming more mobile across the globe: Nevertheless, although those processes make sense for Western European cities, they do not seem to have radically altered the structure and patterns of use of public services, the social interactions, mobility practices, or the residential strategies of European upper-middle classes. For instance, despite the European Commission's efforts to relentlessly promote the free movement of European citizens as part of the single market for capital, goods, services and people, the statistics keep showing that Europeans do not move that much: This book investigates the role of urban upper-middle classes in the transformations experienced by contemporary European societies, and it links the analysis to debates on the emergence of a transnational bourgeoisie.
Three main questions structure this analysis:. Do transnationalisation processes transform national social orders and hierarchies?
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Do they pursue secession and privatisation strategies? Do they abandon public spaces and avoid interactions with other social and ethnic groups? Do they congregate in upper middle class enclaves? Is there a pattern of growing social differentiation emerging? Wohnungen, die lange als unattraktiv galten, werden von Anlegern als sichere Geldanlagen genutzt.
The current era of global urbanization is marked by a convergence of economic and political crises. We emphasize that without a scrutiny of the animate forms of social, political and cultural organization that enlivens the city, the analysis of urban centrality is reduced to broad structural phenomena, disengaged from the urgencies of our time. We introduce arguments about the intersections between urban culture, power and politics as paramount to understanding global urbanization.
Our paper is a provocation that lays out six issues of urban analysis — authority; civility; technology; hyper-diversity; disparity; stratification - re-instating the need to theorize the centrality of the city as a means of comprehending the condition of urban crises and the crisis of urban definition. But very little research has considered the reaction of migrants to other migrants - even those belonging to the same ethnic group. How to interpret and explain those difficult and troubling moments of daily feeling that migrants sometimes express towards what they themselves see as the less palatable residues of contemporary multiculture?
What power relations do these negative emotional responses of migrant groups to the material practices of other or indeed, the same migrant groups reflect, reinforce or undermine? This paper considers these questions in the context of an outer London suburb. My presentation analyses the relationship between industrial workers' nostalgic memories and optimistic official representations of a transformed industrial landscape.
This is based on a analysis of biographic interviews and official texts in Nuremberg. Herby the relevance of class in a transformed urban setting is carved out. The presentation examines the role and importance of calculative practices in the process of establishing a global property market. It is argued that these practices have contributed to the transformation of the property market into a calculable relation which makes it possible to perceive and assess the real estate market and its objects internationally. Comparability — which includes the transformation of social, political and economic conditions into numbers — has created the context in which investment decisions take place because they suggest transparency and calculability.
These practices are created and shared in a network of global real estate professionals and go along with strategies of territorializing and delineating markets. Urbanization, long been imagined as a concentric expansion of centrality of space, functions, economies , is undergoing an explosive inversion at the present time. This has been picked up in a variety of recent debates in urban theory. In the traditional narrative, making the city more central and making the world more urban went hand in hand. Chicago School centricity and L.
School postmetropolitanism have set the stage for a continuing conversation. This presentation originates in these discursive interventions but adds that global urbanization today is actually global suburbanization. We now see the making of new processes of urbanization springing from the margins and peripheries which defy the traditional dependencies of outsides from insides, suburbs from cities, and which test our everyday and theoretical understanding of the dialectic of the urban process.
The early debate surrounding the term, initiated by the geographer Jennifer Wolch, forms part of a wider set of developments associated with the development of urban political ecology. Uncertainty remains, however, over the analytical scope of contemporary ecology in relation to the specific cultural, historical and material dimensions of urbanization.
His books include Concrete and Clay: Podiumsdiskussion geleitet von Dr. Instrumente der partizipativen Stadtpolitik spielen in Berlin eine wichtige Rolle. Es referieren und diskutieren: These conflicts hinge on three major transformations looming large on the horizon: It is here that activists and residents fight to defend their territories against the threat of forced displacement.
Focusing on struggles over land and housing in the seaside settlements of Bajamar, this talk will reveal how economic, ecological, and political futures come to shape the city and the lives of its inhabitants. For more informations about Dr. I depart by examining the dynamics of poverty, the labor market and income inequalitiy in the metropolitan region. Than, the presentation explores the changes in social structurein order to test recent hypotheses about polarization and profissionalization in class dynamics.
In the following, I analyze the spatial distribution of those groups in space, as well as their social segregation patterns. The data show no signs of social polarization and some elements of profissionalization, although in a different context than discussed internationally. The metropolis continues intensely segregated and structured around a clear pattern of avoidance between social groups positioned at the poles of the social structure. However, although the changes of the s increased the exclusivity of the areas inhabited by elites, tended to increase the heterogeneity in the rest of the city, contributing to greater social mix in the intermediate spaces and the peripheries.
I point to the philosophical connections between pragmatism and the mainstay of critical theory in urban studies — Marxism. I suggest how these philosophical roots as well as contemporary developments of pragmatism in social science and in critical theory open out the terrain of critical urban studies to make it more pluralist and democratic, theoretically and politically. The talk concludes by looking at some of the consequences of this pragmatic turn for critical urban theory and practice.
His research interests include aspects of urban theory and social class and neighbourhood change in the city. He is author of Reason in the City of Difference: The New Urban Colonialism? Built in the s by one of the premier industrial architects of the day the brewery was a fine example of rational fordist design. Landscaped with hundreds of trees and shrubs the brewery and its grounds acted as a model industrial village to the west of London. I want to argue that the story that this one industrial site — its construction, operation through to its closure and demolition — encapsulates in miniature the story of work in the twentieth century.
Through Guinness we can see the changing nature of work and employment. We also witness the shifts in corporate culture from a modern paternalism through to brand management within a globalised world. This is both embedded and embodied within the workers employed at the brewery as well as the physical buildings of the plant. In particular the study makes extensive use of the rich visual archive the company holds.
The paper will ask questions about what this visual material tells us about corporate culture and how this changes over time. For more informations about Prof. And how cities should be understood as intersections of horizontal and vertical — of coinciding resources, positions, locations; of different constellations of race, class, gender, ethnicity, sexuality, and age, influencing how we make and understand urban experiences. For more informations about this new book: First, it is important to understand the profound differences between the logic of citizenship at the neighbourhood and micro-neighbourhood level and citizenship at the scale of the large city.
Secondly, it is necessary to go beyond the theoretical tools provided by geographers' explorations of scale and scale shifts and include temporal scale as an important dimension, when analyzing both official and grasroots practices of citizenship. Relational sociology around conceptualizes social networks as interwoven with meaning: The presentation first sketches the basic contours of this approach. The second part turns to its application to interethnic relations.
The structure and composition of social networks are central to the relations between ethnic groups, and they are closely tied to the construction of ethnic boundaries and to cultural differences. The bicycle is a green icon celebrated for its efficiency and the spare beauty of its design, trumpeted by urban planners and aficionados of pedal power as a solution to congested cities and environmental crisis. However, a more complex story emerges when the bicycle is seen in planetary perspective, and in a deeper historical and ecological setting.
Iain Boal's illustrated talk examines this paragon of sustainable and convivial mobility, challenging the mythos of the bicycle as intrinsically a friend of the earth. Cyclists were in the vanguard of road advocacy; they pioneered the culture of automobilism and the paving of the planet. The political ecologies of rubber and tarmac have their roots in the explosive growth of cycling in the s, including a genocidal labour regime behind latex extraction in the Congo.
Today's urban elites in the global south are criminalizing human-powered vehicles as symbols of poverty and the colonial past, yet the bicycle remains an essential mode of transport worldwide. Laying bare the entanglement of this most congenial of human artifacts in the dark side of modernity is the first step towards truly autonomous self-movement. The film won the U. Detroit's story has encapsulated the iconic narrative of America over the last century— the Great Migration of African Americans escaping Jim Crow; the rise of manufacturing and the middle class; the love affair with automobiles; the flowering of the American dream; and now.
These soulful pragmatists and stalwart philosophers strive to make ends meet and make sense of it all, refusing to abandon hope or resistance. Their grit and pluck embody the spirit of the Motor City as it struggles to survive postindustrial America and begins to envision a radically different future. Approaching urban areas through the observation of festive events allows to focus on social relations in a political arena without predefining the groups involved in the given situation.
Wearing "event lenses" instead of "ethnic lenses" also helps to question supposed homogeneities and to investigate common civic or political practices and interests, by emphasizing multiple belonging processes in various social situations. Comparative research by fieldcrossing in Paris and Tokyo has allowed to show how festive events create commonality in gentrifying neighbourhoods. Both cities present different pathways of migrant incorporation in these places, but also processes of exclusion of marginalised people through the architecture of public spaces.
The comparison of Ruhr Area and Istanbul during the celebrations of European capital of culture has also put evidence on marginalisation processes of the urban poor, whereas an elite form of cosmopolitanism and diversity was partly put on stage. Finally, an on-going research project on In visible islam in urban spaces reveals how political expectations and discourses contribute to the reinforcement of homogeneous, one-dimensional identities, whereas empirical studies show the ambiguity and pluri-dimensional processes of multiple belonging. The presentation includes an unpublished critical review of methodological approaches in comparative urban and migration studies and gives empirical examples from field studies that have been published recently:.
The Economies of Urban Diversity. From Community to Commonality. Seijo University Press co-authored with Yasumasa Sekine. As the title of this talk implies, I am interested in exploring the interstice between everyday city life and urban transformation. As an entry point I begin with the observation of a rather obvious contradiction: There are both push- and pull-factors that have given rise to a large informal service sector that differs from the working poor. Workers in this sector e. I show how the struggles and negotiations among a range of non-state actors produce localized governance regimes that determine how and by whom urban space is used on an everyday basis.
I return to the interstice between the everyday and urban transformation by exploring the implications of this shift of emphasis from populations to territory. Violent urban schools loom large in our culture: Yet unequal access to quality schools remains the single greatest failing of our society—and one of the most hotly debated issues of our time.
When Bowen Paulle speaks of toxicity, he speaks of educational worlds dominated by intimidation and anxiety, by ambivalence, degradation, and shame. Based on six years of teaching and research in the South Bronx and in Southeast Amsterdam, Toxic Schools is the first fully participatory ethnographic study of its kind and a searing examination of daily life in two radically different settings. What these schools have in common, however, are not the predictable ideas about race and educational achievement but the tragically similar habituated stress responses of students forced to endure the experience of constant vulnerability.
From both sides of the Atlantic Ocean, Paulle paints an intimate portrait of how students and teachers actually cope, in real time, with the chronic stress, peer group dynamics, and subtle power politics of urban educational spaces in the perpetual shadow of aggression. The EU enlargements of and have generated substantial migrants flows from Poland, Romania and Bulgaria to Western European countries.
These labour migration flows were partly a continuation of migration paths that had already been established before However, the new migrations from CEE countries also involve substantial new migrant groups that do not follow in the footsteps of earlier labour migrants.
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In this presentation I will address two questions. Firstly, what is the nature of these migration flows? In what ways do they differ from traditional patterns such as temporary, circular migration and settlement migration? Secondly, what are the social consequences of CEE migration for urban regions and how urban governments face the challenge of CEE migration in the multi-level governance setting in which they operate?
Many urban regions appear little prepared to cope with the urban implications of CEE labour migration especially housing and registration. Over the past 20 years, the concept of Urban Citizenship has gained prominence among many scholars investigating the dynamics of inclusion and exclusion in the city. The presentation will discuss how changes to the bundle of rights associated with 'private property' are throwing up novel institutions that play an increasingly important role in mediating social relationships in locations as diverse as Cairo, Nairobi, Beijing and California.
Condominiums, what are called sectional title estates in South Africa, are also transforming cities. This Western region of Johannesburg has over the last 10 years witnessed massive new townhouse developments that have transformed a largely rural paysage into a densely urban scene.
They have also brought hundreds of thousands of new residents in the area, settled in increasingly 'multi-racial' townhouse estates of varying size and wealth and in informal settlements, sometimes small, sometimes massive. The presentation will explore what these settlements say about the kind of society that Post-Apartheid South Africa is becoming. Social studies of infrastructure generally claim that urban infrastructures are materially and symbolically hidden, arguing that they become visible only when they malfunction.
- CRATA REPOA, OU INITIATIONS AUX ANCIENS MYSTÈRES DES PRÊTRES DÉGYPTE. (French Edition);
- Post navigation.
- NEUIGKEITEN & INTERESSANTES.
- The Chronicles of BALTRATH: The Dark Wizards.
- Die Pluralisierung der Lebensformen: Von der bürgerlichen Kernfamilie zum Verlust der Vormachtstellung der Familie (German Edition);
- The Three Strategies of the Unstoppable Woman.
Drawing on fieldwork carried out in Bucharest, I question that claim, based on the way long-term tenants in nationalized housing conceptualize plumbing and housing repair as ownership. Without crisis or malfunction, tenants make symbolically visible, collectivize, and politicize the past plumbing of capillary endings of urban infrastructure in order to retain occupancy and gain ownership. These past interventions are 1 recompartmentalization-driven plumbing, 2 improved connectivity to municipal gas, water, or electricity networks as well as 3 ordinary running repairs.
I describe the theoretical implications of analyzing the flows, materialities, and agencies of plumbing for the ethnographies of houses and urban infrastructures. Plumbing is simultaneously a material, political, and symbolic practice. Future discussions of the links between plumbing, modernity, and anthropology might have potential value for renewed understandings of ethnographic reflexivity.
References to plumbing usually surface in anthropological texts as meta-commentary on civilization, post-colonialism, ethnographic location, development, cultural distance, or evolution, but ethnographers have been largely inattentive to plumbing as an analytic tool and ethnographic object. After the film screening there will be a discussion with film's director Enrico Masi from Bologna. The paradox of austerity.
As a kid trying to fill the sea with sand, a titanic and apocalyptic deed, I tried to understand the Olympics process, while it was going on in the city of London, where I moved for personal reasons, just when the virus was growing. What was going on in me was the approaching to a massive collective event, in the heart of capitalism, in the city from the colonial journey to the beginning of digital primitives.
A unique opportunity to deal with people coming from a distant and mysterious district, Stratford. A different world, in the boundaries of the city, with diverse urban dynamics that upset commonplace, in a contest of unprecedented ethnic and linguistic contamination. This section is about my life, in a city that is subjected to the Olympics process, changing in life of people living around the district, before and after the event.
Educated in Bologna through Literature, Music and Cinema, in he started working as aa visual anthropologist and researcher. The Golden Temple, his debut longmetrage, was premiered in Venice Currently involved in the writing and pre production of his second film, in between Brasil and Europe. Contestation and conflict in urban development are gaining renewed attention in manifold perspectives. Against this background, and based on critical analysis of recent contentious episodes, this presentation proposes to address a specific perspective which, although traditionally central to conflict research, seems to have been recently rather sidelined in urban studies: In view of developing a research programme centered on this perspective, it argues that research on local conflicts can benefit from incorporating into its heuristics a critical orientation to outcomes and, accordingly, from combining theoretical contributions from critical-interpretive policy analysis and from social movements research in inquiring into the relational, interactive and coevolutive nature of the processes involved.
Many of the most provocative and generative concepts used in urban analyses hinge on the assumption, often the assertion, that we can identify temporal shifts in conditions and practices in a particular city or set of cities and interpret their larger meanings for local politics and democratic practice. Notions such as regime change, neo-liberalism policies, entrepreneurial cities, and post-political cities provide ways to characterize changing local actors and agency, institutions, and political dynamics emerging in the face of globalizing economies and national austerity measures.
Whether these concepts are useful in explaining these changes across different political, cultural, and economic structures is a basic and important question for theory development.