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- 5 Things Your Feet Are Telling You About Your Health
- Foot Pain Relief, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
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There was a problem filtering reviews right now. Please try again later. Everyone should have this book in their collection. The story line keep your attention and interested from start to finish. The author's experience about what has happened in her life reminds me of some the things that I have endured.
This should be a movie. Don't take my word. Read it for yourself!!! One person found this helpful 2 people found this helpful. If you love to read suspenseful, powerful, educational and non-fictional books all wrapped up in one! A definite 5 Stars! Functional Exercise for Multiple Sclerosis: Advice From a Physical Therapist. Please enter a valid email address. The views and opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and not Everyday Health.
5 Things Your Feet Are Telling You About Your Health
Any opinions, advice, statements, services, advertisements, offers or other information or content expressed or made available through the Sites by third parties, including information providers, are those of the respective authors or distributors and not Everyday Health. Muscle and tendons allow movement of the foot in various directions. A strain occurs when a muscle or group of muscles are stressed to the point where there is tearing of the muscle fibers.
The muscles and tendons of the foot may be strained by overstretching, overuse, overloading, bruising, or even being lacerated. Weakness in contraction of a joint, difficulty in stabilizing body parts, and pain working against resistance are signs of muscle problems. Swelling, tenderness, loss of function, and discoloration over and around the injury of can be symptoms and signs of a strain.
Bruises contusions are most commonly the result of a direct impact injury to the body. A bruise can occur to the foot by a variety of causes, such as having your foot stepped on or by stepping on a rock. Blows to the foot that result in pain, discoloration, swelling, and changes in how you walk may indicate more serious damage such as fractured bone. Pain and tenderness associated with plantar fascia strains are usually felt on the bottom of the foot between the heel and the base of the toes.
Plantar fascia pain may be increased or decreased by stretching of the arch. In mild cases of plantar fasciitis, the pain will decrease as the soft tissues of the foot "warm up," however, pain may increase as use of the foot increases. In more severe cases of plantar fasciitis, pain may increase when the arch is stressed.
Often the sufferer of plantar fasciitis will feel pain in the morning until the plantar fascia warms up. Foot pain at night may be a sign of plantar fasciitis, as well as other possible problems. Plantar fasciitis can cause shift in the weight-bearing surface in order to avoid pain, which may cause compensation pain in the other areas of the heel.
A sensation of rubbing or burning on the surface of the foot is usually the first signs of a blister. Itching and burning sensations between the toes or around the foot indicate a skin infection or athlete's foot. Pain and redness at the edge of a toenail are usually the result of an ingrown toenail. When the pain begins to interfere with your activities of daily living or if you cannot perform your desired activities without pain, you should consider seeking medical attention.
Indicators that you should seek medical care are if the area looks deformed, you have loss of function, change of sensation, a large amount of swelling with pain, prolonged change of skin or toenail color, the affected area becomes warmer than the surrounding areas, becomes exquisitely tender to the touch, or is causing you to move differently. Experiencing little to no improvement with a few days or rest, ice, and temporary pain reliever suggests that the injury will not likely heal on its own.
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Proper evaluation and diagnosis of foot pain is essential in planning a treatment. A good general guideline is to compare the injured side to the uninjured side. Injury may present itself as distinguishable lump or gap felt at that location or a "crunchy" feeling on that spot caused by inflammation.
The types, causes, and severity sharp pain versus a dull ache also are good indicators of the seriousness of the injury. Comparing functional ability to the unaffected side also provides insight to the nature and severity of the injury. The doctor will ask you several questions to determine how the problem began. It can be helpful to tell the physician about how and when it started, how it affects you, when it bothers you, what you may or may not have done to make the pain better or worse.
If necessary, a thorough physical exam may be conducted to evaluate for any other injuries. When you first begin to notice discomfort or pain in the area, you can treat yourself with rest, ice, compression, and elevation RICE. Over-the-counter medications may also be used to reduce discomfort and pain. Rest will allow the tissues to heal by preventing any further stress to the affected area. Crutches should be used if you have difficulty putting weight on the foot. Appropriate use of commercially available ankle and foot supports may provide rest, comfort, and support to the affected area.
Ice should be applied no longer than 20 minutes. The ice may be put in a plastic bag or wrapped in a towel. Commercial ice packs are not recommended because they are usually too cold. If extreme discomfort occurs, icing should discontinue immediately.
Alternatively, one can soak the affected limb in cool water mixed with Epsom salt. Compression and elevation will help prevent any swelling of the affected tissues. Excessive swelling can cause stretching of the nerve fibers in the affected area, which can cause more pain. Therefore, decreasing swelling often provides some degree of pain relief. There are two types of over-the-counter medications that may help with the pain and swelling of foot pain. Acetaminophen Tylenol will help reduce the pain, while a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory NSAID such as aspirin, ibuprofen Motrin , or naproxen Naprosyn can help lessen the pain and as well as reduce the inflammatory response.
Foot Pain Relief, Causes, Diagnosis and Treatment
Caution should be taken when using these drugs as the dosage should not exceed the labeled directions. In addition, individuals with history of acid reflux or stomach ulcer and kidney problems should consult a medical doctor prior to using them. A popular home remedy for relief of plantar fasciitis is rolling a frozen water bottle on the ground with the bottom of the foot. Various stretching exercises are known to be beneficial. Proper shoe gear with supportive insert is also beneficial, as well as avoiding going barefoot.
Corticosteroid injection can be helpful. Blisters occur as a result of chafing. These "hot spots" should be attended to immediately with padding or friction reducers. If these spots progress to a blister and are unbroken, the doctor can drain them by puncturing from the side with a clean needle, and once drained, the skin will act as a natural bandage and should not be trimmed away.
If the skin over the blister is broken, the loose skin should be peeled back and the area should be treated as an open wound. Blisters should be covered and padded before returning to activity; in simple cases, a Band-Aid may solve the problem. If the blister is bigger, donut pads, gel pads, or commercially available blister pads may be more appropriate.
To avoid blistering in the future, a generous application of petroleum jelly or anti-chafing topical cream to the affected area can be helpful. Shoe sizing should be assessed as well as sock construct and material. Synthetic cotton combinations can provide a wicking effect to reduce moisture and friction.
It is also possible to sustain blisters from contact-related allergy. In such cases, it is important to identify the causative agent and to avoid contact with the agent in the future.
Topical or oral steroid may be necessary to relieve pain and itching caused by these allergic blisters. Once the severity and cause of foot pain is determined, a course of corrective and rehabilitative actions can be started. There may be follow-up tests, scans, or X-rays. A plan for a gradual return to play should be started once the pain is reduced and muscle strength and flexibility are restored. Temporary bracing and use of custom orthotic device may become necessary to gradually return to pre-injury activity level. To prevent injuries and pain, the following issues should be addressed before starting an exercise routine.
Are you in good health? A general physical exam by a physician will help to evaluate your cardiovascular function, the possibility of disease, or any other general medical problems that you may have.
- Common Causes of Foot Pain.
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Before beginning activities, diseases such as gout , diabetes , certain types of arthritis, and neuropathies should be treated. Physicians with sports medicine, physical medicine, podiatric, or orthopedic backgrounds may also help you choose an appropriate activity. After choosing the sport or activity that you wish to participate in, proper preparation will help minimize the initial aches and pains of that activity. Proper technique in any activity will help you to properly and safely perform your chosen activity and avoid injury.
Good coaching can help you develop good biomechanics that can prevent foot pain. Shoes and socks appropriate to your activity will also be a deterrent to foot pain. Properly fitting shoes and proper foot hygiene can prevent blisters, ingrown toenails, corns, calluses, bunions, stress fractures, metatarsalgia, Morton's neuroma, mallet toes, and plantar fasciitis. Poorly fitting footwear can make poor biomechanics worse, and properly fitting footwear can help to minimize the effect of bad biomechanics.
Returning to participation and prevention of foot pain are governed by the same factors as preparing for participation. Foot pain can be caused by doing too much of a particular activity too fast. Ignoring pain can also lead to further problems with the foot. Different types of foot pain can be seen at different times of the season. Stress-related problems are related to the workloads. If the body is not prepared for an increase of workload that is typical early in the season and with "weekend warriors," acute shin splints and tendonitis are very common, in addition to increased muscle soreness.
Stress fracture can result from sudden increase in workload. After foot pain has been successfully treated, an optimal workout program begins with a physical exam by a physician, followed by a gradual, consistent workout plan. A good example of this type of program is a running program that starts with a good warm-up, such as walking five to 10 minutes, then alternating sets of jogging and walking. An example of such a program would be 20 sets of jogging for two minutes, then walking one minute, with jogging time increased until you can run continuously for 40 minutes.