I Chronicles 1 includes a version of the Table of Nations from Genesis, but edited to make clearer that the intention is to establish the background for Israel. This is done by condensing various branches to focus on the story of Abraham and his offspring. Most notably, it omits Genesis In addition, Nimrod does not appear in any of the numerous Mesopotamian King Lists. The Table of Nations is expanded upon in detail in chapters 8—9 of the Book of Jubilees , sometimes known as the "Lesser Genesis," a work from the early Second Temple period.
In the First Epistle of Peter , 3: The Genesis flood narrative tells how Noah and his three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, together with their wives, were saved from the Deluge to repopulate the Earth. The 1st-century Jewish-Roman historian Josephus , in Antiquities of the Jews Book 1, chapter 6, was among the first of many who attempted to assign known ethnicities to some of the names listed in Genesis chapter His assignments became the basis for most later authors, and were as follows: Hippolytus of Rome , in his Diamerismos c.
Nations of Ham
It is thought to have been based on the Book of Jubilees. The Chronography of , the Panarion by Epiphanius of Salamis c. Jerome , writing c. His list is substantially identical to that of Josephus in almost all respects, but with the following notable differences:. The scholar Isidore of Seville , in his Etymologiae c. Isidore's identifications for Japheth's sons were repeated in the Historia Brittonum attributed to Nennius. Isidore's identifications also became the basis for numerous later mediaeval scholars, remaining so until the Age of Discovery prompted newer theories, such as that of Benito Arias Montano , who proposed connecting Meshech with Moscow , and Ophir with Peru.
While Genesis 10 was covered extensively by numerous Christian, Jewish and Muslim scholars over many centuries, the phrase "Table" of nations only appeared and became popular in English from the s.
Ham (son of Noah) - Wikipedia
In the early 6th century CE, perhaps in Byzantine Constantinople or elsewhere in the Eastern Roman Empire , the commonly-termed "Frankish Table of Nations" was created, likely under the influence of Gothic sources. It drew heavily from Tacitus's Germania and is notable for its focus on linking the various Germanic peoples and their neighbors of the 6th century to Trojan and Biblical ancestors. The text was eventually transmitted to Frankish Gaul by the 6th to 7th centuries and in the early 9th century CE, likely due to its reference to the ancestry of the Britons, was used as a primary source by an anonymous Welsh scribe for the Historia Brittonum.
The Greek Septuagint LXX text of Genesis includes an additional son of Japheth, "Elisa", between Javan and Tubal; however, as this name is found in no other ancient source, nor in I Chronicles, he is almost universally agreed to be a duplicate of Elisha, son of Javan. The presence of Elisa and of Cainan son of Arpachshad below in the Greek Bible accounts for the traditional enumeration among early Christian sources of 72 names, as opposed to the 70 names found in Jewish sources and Western Christian sources.
Beginning in the 9th century with the Jewish grammarian Judah ibn Quraysh, a relationship between the Semitic and Cushitic languages was seen; modern linguists group these two families, along with the Egyptian , Berber , Chadic , and Omotic language groups into the larger Afro-Asiatic language family.
Curse of Ham
In addition, languages in the southern half of Africa are now seen as belonging to several distinct families independent of the Afro-Asiatic group. Some now discarded Hamitic theories have become viewed as racist; in particular a theory proposed in the 19th century by Speke, that the Tutsi were supposedly of some Hamitic ancestry and thus inherently superior. There exist various traditions in post-biblical and talmudic sources claiming that Noah had children other than Shem, Ham, and Japheth who were born before the Deluge.
According to the Quran Hud 42—43 , Noah had another unnamed son who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned. Some later Islamic commentators give his name as either Yam or Kan'an. According to Irish mythology , as found in the Annals of the Four Masters and elsewhere, Noah had another son named Bith who was not allowed aboard the Ark, and who attempted to colonise Ireland with 54 persons, only to be wiped out in the Deluge.
Some 9th-century manuscripts of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle assert that Sceafa was the fourth son of Noah, born aboard the Ark, from whom the House of Wessex traced their ancestry; in William of Malmesbury 's version of this genealogy c. An early Arabic work known as Kitab al-Magall "Book of Rolls" part of Clementine literature mentions Bouniter , the fourth son of Noah, born after the flood, who allegedly invented astronomy and instructed Nimrod. Martin of Opava c. However, Annio's manuscript is widely regarded today as having been a forgery. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
For a list of countries, see list of sovereign states.
This section needs expansion. Ham was "blessed" in Genesis 9: The Talmud deduces two possible explanations, one attributed to Rab and one to Rabbi Samuel, for what Ham did to Noah to warrant the curse. Emasculating him thus deprived Noah of the possibility of a fourth son.
According to Samuel, Ham sodomized Noah, a judgment that he based on analogy with another biblical incident in which the phrase "and he saw" is used: With regard to Ham and Noah, Genesis 9 reads, " And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father, and told his two brethren without. The Talmud concludes that, in fact, "both indignities were perpetrated.
Although the story can be taken literally, in more recent times, some scholars have suggested that Ham may have had intercourse with his father's wife. The chronological scheme of the Book of Jubilees has Ham born in the year A. It gives the name of his wife who also survived the flood as Na'eltama'uk. After his youngest son Canaan was cursed in A. According to Jubilees And Canaan saw the land of Lebanon to the river of Egypt, that it was very good, and he went not into the land of his inheritance to the west that is to the sea, and he dwelt in the land of Lebanon, eastward and westward from the border of Jordan and from the border of the sea.
And Ham, his father, and Cush and Mizraim his brothers said unto him: Dwell not in the dwelling of Shem; for to Shem and to his sons did it come by their lot. Cursed art thou, and cursed shalt thou be beyond all the sons of Noah, by the curse by which we bound ourselves by an oath in the presence of the holy judge, and in the presence of Noah our father. And for this reason that land is named Canaan.
In the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saint s book of Abraham , when it relates the conditions of the Egyptian government, it says in verse 27 of Chapter A tomb in Pind Dadan Khan , Pakistan has been claimed by local residents to be the site of Ham's burial since , when Hafiz Sham-us-Din of Gulyana, Gujrat claimed Ham had revealed this to him in a dream.
A plaque on the tomb since erected over the 78 foot long grave site states that Ham, locally revered as a prophet, was buried there after living years. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Beck, Eerdmans dictionary of the Bible , Wm.
The Curse of Ham: