- A Brief History of the Golf Ball
- Players: 250 Men Women And Animals Who Created Modern Sport / Tim Harris
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- Players : men, women & animals who created modern sport / Tim Harris - Details - Trove
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A Brief History of the Golf Ball
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Players: 250 Men Women And Animals Who Created Modern Sport / Tim Harris
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But that was not the only thing that prevented most people from playing golf. The high cost of golf essentials, especially of golf balls, made the game pretty much inaccessible to ordinary people. The invention of the golf ball that was about to trigger a revolution is traditionally attributed to the Scottish divinity student Robert Adam Paterson Some authors, 32 however, have questioned the story about a poor golf enthusiast who is looking for ways to be able to enjoy the game, which would eventually lead to the invention of the gutta percha ball or the guttie.
Young Paterson played with the blackish-brown material of same name Malaya tree until he one day rolled it into a ball. He painted it white and tried it out in the herbage of the St. Not willing to give up just yet, he made more balls and tried again. But the balls disintegrated very quickly this time as well. When young Paterson completed his studies, he emigrated to America. In , he sent the improved version in London but there was almost no interest in the novel golf ball. There are several reasons why the gutta percha ball replaced the featherie which was the standard for more than years.
Cheaper production and consequently, lower cost up to 80 per cent! In fact, it could fly even further than its costly counterpart, reaching distances of up to yards. Also, it lasted longer and was less vulnerable to moisture, which was a huge advantage over the featherie, especially in the wet British climate.
Andrews changed his viewpoint when he figured out that he could make as many gutties in an hour as he could make featheries in an entire day. The guttie sparked a revolution in golf. By making the game more affordable, especially after the mechanisation of its manufacture in the early s 40 , the guttie transformed golf from a sport of the elites to the sport of the masses. Golf suddenly became extremely affordable not just for tradesmen and artisans but even for college students. The increased interest in the game led to the development of new golf courses, creation of new golf clubs and an increased production of golf balls as well as other pieces of equipment in order to meet the growing demand.
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The new golf ball also made it easier to learn to play the game In addition to flying further than the featherie, the guttie was also easier to control both in the air and on the green. In low temperatures, it fell apart very easily.
Players : men, women & animals who created modern sport / Tim Harris - Details - Trove
On 11th April , the American businessman and inventor Coburn Haskell got a joint patent from the United States Patent Office for the rubber-wound ball 47 which would soon lead to another revolution in golf. But the thing that ensured it made it to become the next ball of choice was its performance; bringing control and feel to a whole new level.
When ballmakers adopted the dimple pattern golf ball pattern featuring indentations or depressions on the surface , which was patented by the Englishman William Taylor in 49 , the rubberwound ball achieved even greater distances.
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Just like the invention of the gutta percha ball, the invention of the rubber-wound golf ball is kind of romanticised. He rolled it into a ball and bounced it to the floor.
To his surprise, the ball bounced back all the way to the ceiling. In , Haskell founded the Haskell Golf Ball Company and launched the manufacture of the rubberwound ball. Amateur and become the first golf player to win a Major using the novel golf ball. Open, respectively, which convinced most of their fellow players to follow their example.
But there was still plenty of room left for improvement which is exactly what the leading ballmakers were trying to do over the next decades. The dimple pattern was the first major improvement of the Haskell, and a big step in the history of golf balls and their design. Compared to the previously dominating bramble pattern golf ball pattern featuring pimples or brambles , golf balls with the patented Taylor dimple pattern flew much further. In the same year when Taylor was granted the patent for the dimple pattern, the Scottish inventor Frank H.
Mingay was granted the patent for a liquid core golf ball by the United States Patent Office. There was obviously nothing magical about radium. Thus the quest for the perfect core material continued throughout much of the rest of the history of golf balls. Meanwhile, Haskell sold both his company and patent to the Spalding Company and retired as a very wealthy man. At that time, an American chemical engineer named James R. Bartsch entered the golf ballmaking business only to find out that he was not going to succeed unless he finds a way to reduce the cost of the materials and labour.
He started to experiment with various synthetic materials and refused to give up until he found the perfect formula. In , Bartsch filled for a patent, but by the time he finally got it in 64 , Spalding had a one-piece ball of its own — the Unicore. Shortly thereafter, Spalding also launched the Executive. In the same year, Ram launched the first golf ball featuring DuPont-produced Surlyn ionomer resin cover which would eventually became the most popular golf ball cover. As soon as it was introduced to the Tour in Las Vegas in October , as many as 47 pros decided to switch to the ProV1 You probably have a good understanding of the history of golf balls by now, so it may be interesting to take a glance into the future too.
Considering the domination of the Titleist Pro V1 and V1x over the last 15 years, it has become hard to imagine other brands dominating the market; not any time soon, anyway. Across the history of golf balls, and especially during the era of the featheries, ballmaking was in the domain of only a few families for generations. And when the guttie hit the market, they simply switched to making the gutta percha. But for the end user — the golfer, the essence remained unchanged.
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And with it, golf essentials — including the golf ball — continues to evolve as well. Lomond Books, , Scarecrow Press, , Hotchkiss, Years of Golf Balls: Antique Trader Books, , Book House, , Principles and Applications Abingdon: Routledge, , Presenting the most amazing golf facts from the last years London: Hamlyn, , Kindle Edition. Bloomsbury Academic, London , The Science and Art Mustang: Patent , filed August 9, , and issued April 11,