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Are you an author? Help us improve our Author Pages by updating your bibliography and submitting a new or current image and biography. Learn more at Author Central. Una minicuento de "Luz de Fuga" "Entre la espada y la pared". El caballo de HiroshimaUn caballo malherido llamaba a todas las puertas. La guerra es la paz.

La ignorancia es la fuerza. A los enemigos de la paz. Minificciones "Luz de Fuga" en Amazon.

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Ebook disponible desde Amazon. Obra literaria de minnificciones o microrrelatos. Luz de fuga es una nueva y extraordinaria experiencia lectora, una novedosa forma de atreverse a disfrutar los encantos, placeres y sorpresas del arte literario. Usted tiene el privilegio de encontrar en este libro un c. El caballo de Hiroshima. Un caballo malherido llamaba a todas las puertas. La luz del huyente. Los cerrojos de la aurora.

Por eso, fueron los primeros en caer abatidos. La tierra estaba dormida. Pero al fin se resignaron a ser visibles y palpables, sirviendo de precario estribo al jinete del tiempo. Y avanzaron de frente contra las empalizadas de fusiles fratricidas, enfren. All Formats Kindle Edition Sort by: Popularity Popularity Featured Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Avg. Available for download now. Provide feedback about this page. There's a problem loading this menu right now. They propose eliminating bilingual voting ballots and bilingual education, among other things.

Opponents of making English the official national language of the United States contend that this type of measures are racist and xenophobic and are particularly directed at the increasing and threatening in terms of numbers Hispanic population. Some of these scholars affirm that eliminating bilingual education would be a direct attack on minorities and that making English official will only bring problems and not many benefits to those seeking the measure. The present study will examine both sides of the issue and mutually analyze the validity of arguments in favor and against making English the official language of the nation.

The author furthermore considers that forcing immigrants into adopting these values and abandon their national identities and languages is immoral and discriminative, and will result in increased national disunity and more social, cultural, and racial predicaments than benefits to the United States. English is nevertheless the de facto language of the country since ninety seven percent of the population claim to be able to speak it at a moderate to expert level.

Unlike many other nations, the constitution of the US does not mention this subject, mainly because the founders were not concerned with linguistic matters; since a vast majority of them were Anglo-Saxons, they did not feel that it was important to officially declare that their language needed to be the one of the nation. Moreover, statistics have shown that in the near future Hispanics as a group will continue to increase in size at a disproportionate level; this adds to the fears many people possess of having a new ethnic majority in this country.

The utilization of multilingual voting ballots throughout the United States is one of the key issues that the English as the national language movement is trying to proscribe. The organization claims that providing this service vastly harms national unity. Moreover, proponents of English as the official language argue that these machines that provide voting ballots in dissimilar languages are very costly and they are paid with taxpayer funds.

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Lastly, they insist that a key requirement for everyone that becomes a citizen of the United States must be that they are proficient in English. If this was the case, the need for these machines would not exist. Once more in the name of national unity, they proclaim that education should be solely in English and that the only time that another language should be used is when this is utilized to teach English to recent immigrants. By prohibiting bilingual education, recent immigrant children and teenagers would not be able to learn diverse subjects in their native tongues and would be forced to attend regular classes without any linguistic assistance.

They believe that a key occupational requirement should be proficiency in English and that people should be denied of the right to work if they do not possess this skill. They furthermore insist that English should be the only language spoken in the workplace and that people should be disciplined and even terminated for speaking their native tongue in their place of work.

ABBA : Felicidad (Happy New Year) Subtitles

A reversal of this law would negatively affect millions of workers, especially Hispanic, that are not proficient in English or that utilize their native tongue as a medium of communication when they are working. Our analysis now focuses on the reasons underlying these desires and the rationale behind attaining the aforementioned policy changes. National unity and patriotism are often cited by the members of the movement in question as the main reasons why they seek to establish English as the official language and diminish the impact of other tongues, principally Spanish.

To the members of this movement, being an American patriot signifies waging a war against this new menace to US values and the way of life of the people of this country. Therefore patriotism is one of the main reasons why they support the elimination of competing languages and cultures that are not aligned to the traditional ideals that they seek to defend. Extensive research has discovered that Anglo-Saxons who identify themselves as being patriotic, generally favor English only policies because they see this language as a core value of the United States that unifies the nation.

Research has suggested that most Latinos are also patriotic, but to them patriotism generally does not have the same meaning. It is because of these facts that a vast majority of members of the English as the official language of the United States movement are Anglo-Saxons that hold and support the aforementioned ideals and beliefs. The English as the official national language movement has not achieved a federal law as of yet but they are continually trying to accomplish this objective.

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The American public at large seems to agree with many of the proposals presented by the movement. These state laws have not been rebutted by courts or challenged whatsoever. The English only movement has many detractors who consider that the ideals advanced by the group are discriminatory and racists in practice and theory. Moreover, opponents of the organization in question consider that advancing the policy changes proposed by English only will deeply harm immigrants in the United States and will not bring positive outcomes for anyone. Instead of creating national unity, detractors assert, implementing these policies will create deep racial, societal, and cultural divisions between recent immigrants and other groups.

In their minds, the US is similarly involved in an intense cultural war and they should concentrate their efforts in defending the right of immigrants to conserve their traditions and to not be forced to speak a language and follow a culture that they do not want to adhere to. This signifies that a majority of Hispanics prefer English and mainstream US values by the third generation. As a result, detractors of making English the official language of the United States sustain that Hispanics and specifically the Spanish language are not a threat to the American way of life, its culture, and mostly Anglo-Saxon traditions and that putting these laws into practice would not benefit anyone.

They claim that bilingual ballots are utilized by citizens that are proficient in English but prefer to obtain their information in their original language. Not providing them with the information they want to obtain in their tongue could keep many voters from actually participating in democracy. Eliminating bilingual education is controversial because it has been demonstrated that it will be significantly harder for recent students to adapt to their new classrooms if their language is not utilized to assist them in this early adaptation.

Furthermore, there is no scientific proof sustaining that students who are instructed in their native language are more inclined not to learn English and isolate themselves from the rest of the students. Based on these facts, it seems that the English as the official language movement is trying to fix a problem that does not exist: Lastly, antagonists of the movement in question assert that English only proposals are racist and xenophobic, since they target an ethnic group because of its language and customs.

It has been proven that sentiments against Hispanics and their linguistic influences are more prevalent in people who are in the lower strata of the socioeconomic scale. Claims of racism and xenophobia appear to be the toughest criticism against the English as the official language of the United States movement. Forcing people to adopt a new culture and forbidding them from using their language and customs goes against freedom of speech and essentially everything that the United States stands for.

Prohibiting bilingual voting booths is not consistent with basic voting rights and seeks to disenfranchise a group of people based on their ethnicity and culture.

Trying to censure bilingual education will be detrimental to recent immigrants who seek to adapt to their new country. They will be forced to study numerous subjects in an unfamiliar tongue; this will eventually contribute to academic deficit and social isolation. Lastly, waging a war against Hispanics, just because they are coming to the United States in vast numbers and their culture and language are considered a threat by the racial majority is racialist, deplorable, and iniquitous.


For all of the abovementioned reasons the author believes that these movements are an embarrassment to the United States and make a mockery of the liberty and self-determination that this exceptional nation is supposed to signify. English only proposals are slowly taking the country by storm, one state after the other.

The laws advanced by the movement prohibit bilingual education, bilingual voting rights, and many other bilingual services that are vital to recent immigrants. The author sides with these detractors and proclaims that the propositions advanced by these organizations that are trying to establish English as the official language of the United States are deplorable since they prove to be prejudiced against immigrants, especially Hispanics.

Algunos historiadores cubanos calculan la cifra de personas exterminadas en estas prisiones comunitarias en alrededor de trescientos mil. Las batallas fundamentales fueron navales y demostraron el poder de las modernas armadas angloamericanas ante las anticuadas flotas iberas. A Complete Tergiversation of History.

Since the triumph of the so called revolution in , Cuban authorities have embarked in a comprehensive crusade with the purpose of authenticating the communist autocracy by conjoining pensamientos Martianos with ideologia fidelista. The aspiration of this study is to demonstrate how the Cuban nepotism has put forward the aforementioned artifices by misquoting Jose Marti and placing his stances out of context; by impugning the ideas presented by the Marxist autarchy, the author will furthermore establish how the figure of the Cuban National Hero has been altered in order to legitimize a paucity of democracy in Cuba.

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In an effort to justify single party Bolshevik government, the Cuban autocracy alleges that their Communist Party is the genuine successor of the Cuban Revolutionary Party founded by Jose Marti in the late eighteen hundreds. They furthermore assert that the Cuban patriot sympathized with Communism and that he supported single party monocracy. The finest and most crucial approach to discredit these contentions is by alluding to the writings of the apostle. In these words the Cuban patriot was remarkably explicit; he saw Karl Marx as a leader with good intentions and a noble cause, but nevertheless a revolutionary who was trying to solve the unremitting struggle between social classes by implementing an erroneous philosophical approach.

Jose Marti furthermore expressed his disagreement with the communist ideology at the culmination of the essay possibly vaticinating the near future: The author clearly anticipated the catastrophic nature of a radical revolution like the one proposed by Marx and Engels. Throughout his writings, Jose Marti declared numerous times that the idea of Communism was precarious and his criticism of the ideology corroborates the notion sustaining that he did not sympathize with the extremist doctrine as the recent Cuban dictatorship sustains. With these words the charismatic tyrant presented two of the essential allegations buttressing the theory claiming that Jose Marti was the intellectual father of the Cuban socialist revolution: Throughout his writings, the apostle worshiped both freedom and democracy; two ideas that are utterly discordant with one-party autocracy, consequently, to even suggest that he would have approved of a dictatorship like the one that rules in Cuba is fraudulent and opprobrious.

By profoundly exploring his conjectures regarding the United States readers can discover that they are both ambivalent and polemical, consequently, a further interpretation is required in order to discredit the theses advanced by the communist dictatorship. It is imperative to commence this analysis by recognizing that Marti was indeed an anti-imperialist who deplored several United States foreign policies from the epoch; but to distort this into declaring that the apostle shared with Fidel an enormous detestation for this capitalistic society and its way of life is an oversimplification of his perspectives and hence, a mendacity.

From until his death in , Marti wrote extensively about the United States and his topics reported from daily life observations to extensive analysis of political institutions and foreign policies. A vast number of his initial reflections were remarkably favorable: The apostle admired the industriousness and willingness to succeed of the American people, he similarly praised Capitalism and the opportunities that this system provided for people to pursue and with hard work attain freedom and happiness.

In numerous occasions Marti expressed that the American model needed to be imitated in Latin-American nations in order for these to develop social and economically. From to roughly , the Cuban patriot began criticizing key aspects of American politics. Regarding this topic, he masterfully declared in one of his editorial: This ideological transformation reached its pinnacle when the idea of acquiring Cuba from Spain started being discussed by American legislators and gained popularity throughout the United States.

Soñando Cuba entre poemas | Sitio de Poesía Cubana

Jose Marti was a reasonable and sensible essayist genius, but when it came to the subject of Cuba he was fanatically in love with its emancipation. The later abominates its capitalistic society, laws, form of government, freedom, and openness all of them qualities esteemed by Jose Marti ; while the former predominantly expressed admiration for the egalitarian nation until he observed that the United States was certainly planning to interfere with the emancipation of his idolized homeland.

One day, when Cuba becomes free, we hope that articles like this will help the Cuban people to open their eyes and realize that they have been historically deceived.