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  1. You Should Not Wake a Hibernating Puff-Adder
  2. Honey Badger
  3. You should not wake a hibernating puff adder
  4. You Should Not Wake a Hibernating Puff-adder Julian Cheek 0956964923

You Should Not Wake a Hibernating Puff-Adder

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Check out these wonderful and insightful posts from our editors Browse Now. Enter Your Email Address to Subscribe. Low to High Price: High to Low Condition Condition: Reverse Pub Date Pub Date: This book is in very good condition. The cover may have some limited signs of wear but the pages are clean, intact and the spine remains undamaged.

This book has clearly been well maintained and looked after thus far. Money back guarantee if you are not satisfied. See all our books here, order more than 1 book and get discounted shipping. Intended for a juvenile audience. And it's good to be so excited and passionate about something! Welcome, and thank You for the great articles. A good article arguing that the distinction between the terms 'hibernation' and 'brumation' is hazy at best and unnecessarily jargon-y: Sure enough, researching the etymology of the two terms: Perhaps it is similar to old-timers still interchangeably using poisonous and venomous for the physiological process of inJECting venom.

Thank You for the follow-up comment and link, though; I am big into linguistics and quite the etymological prick actually LOL, so I like learning facts like this! Heterodon platyrhinos at least, if not the entire genus Heterodon is actually not mildly venomous, but rather mildly toxic since the colour of their secretions is clear whereas venom is always some shade of yellow, not to mention significant composition differences.

An excerpt of greater elaboration, from Linda Krulikowski's amazing book: Snakes of New England with the amazing Harvey B. It is derived from the same tissue as tooth enamel. The Duvernoy's gland opens by a duct at the base of the posterior, enlarged teeth. The secretions from the glands flow down the enlarged, rear teeth and into the prey, by the chewing motions of the snake. The secretions are introduced slowly into the victim, by indirect pressure from the nearby jaw-closing muscles Green.

The secretions of Duvernoy's glands are colorless, whereas true venom glands secretions are typically some shade of yellow.

Honey Badger

These clear secretions immobilize the victim and help the snakes digest the prey. Thank you again Tim for your thoughtful comments. Rather, I wanted to emphasize that reptilian hibernation and mammalian hibernation are not two distinct categories but rather part of an evolutionary continuum of deep-sleep strategies used by vertebrates, one that is intimately tied to the ectothermy-endothermy spectrum. For instance, hibernating echidnas have periods of arousal, during which they often move to other locations.

Probably monotreme hibernation is the closest we can get to a living organism with similar physiology to that of the common ancestors of all amniotes. Regardless of what I or any etymological or biological expert says, "brumation" will continue to be used for herps and "hibernation" for mammals, and there's nothing wrong with that. Again I would argue that toxin injection has evolved numerous times and there are grey areas such as the delivery of skin gland toxins by the pointed ribs of Pleurodeles waltl and other salamandrids.

You should not wake a hibernating puff adder

But, again, the distinction is useful and will continue. I don't think that anyone uses the color of snake oral secretions as a useful way to classify them as venom or not venom. I think anyone would agree that the chemical composition and function are more important characteristics than the color.


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I looked into it and evidently the venom of many vipers is colorless when they are first born, and the venom of some adult Asian cobras is colorless as well. I suspect you'll agree that these colorless secretions are still venom. The differences between the composition of Heterodon venom and that of other snakes are no greater than would be expected given their evolutionary distance from those other snakes. Once more, the distinction between "true venom" and "whatever non-front-fanged colubroid snakes have" is A.

Regarding the sequestration of toxins into nuchal glands, we have conclusive evidence only that Rhabdophis tigrinus sequesters bufadienolides into its nuchal glands. Fourth, there is evidence that Thamnophis retain tetrodotoxin in their livers for up to two months. But as far as I know, to date this is the extent of our knowledge of the diversity of non-injected chemical defenses in snakes.

Sorry about not being able to edit comments; it's one of the several drawbacks of using the Blogger platform. Thanks for reading and writing! Seems like an interesting project for someone. I wonder how tongue-flicks figure into this? Good idea—that's possible, and testable. Hopefully someday someone will take it on. If you need to identify a snake, try the Snake Identification Facebook group. For professional, respectful, and non-lethal snake removal and consultation services in your town, try Wildlife Removal USA. Monday, August 31, Do snakes sleep?

You Should Not Wake a Hibernating Puff-adder Julian Cheek 0956964923

Click here to read this article in Spanish. These may seem like obvious questions, especially since almost every species of mammal, bird, reptile, amphibian, fish, and invertebrate studied has been found to exhibit some kind of resting phase. But sleep is hard to study in snakes, at least in part because they seem never to close their eyes. Consequently, there is shockingly little research on sleep in snakes. Sleep on the geology of the Snake River in Idaho.

But, despite the dearth of research, I promise this post won't be too much of a snooze Snakes do have circadian rhythms , and many snakes are active only at particular times of day. Racers Coluber , hog-nosed snakes Heterodon , patch-nosed snakes Salvadora , and sipos Chironius are strictly diurnal, whereas aptly-named nightsnakes Hypsiglena , broad-headed snakes Hoplocephalus , and kraits Bungarus are strictly nocturnal. But many snakes do not fit nicely into these categories. Good examples include ratsnakes Pantherophis and many vipers, but many other snakes may be active at any time of the day or night, depending on the time of year, so it's hard to predict when or for how long they might be expected to sleep.

You often observe snakes exhibiting sleep-like behavior, sitting in one spot for hours, days, or even weeks at a time, like the Puff Adder Bitis arietans in the video at left. But the thing is, that snake is actually foraging. A viper might sit motionless for many days, such a long time that if a mammal exhibited that same behavior, we might think it was sick or dead! But in fact this is how many snakes forage for prey, hyper-alert to their immediate surroundings, ready to ambush, strike, and envenomate small animals that stray too close.

Do they sleep when they are waiting, or are they awake the entire time? Radio-telemetry studies of bushmasters Lachesis muta in the wild suggest that they might have strict cycles of attentiveness, "awesomely alert during darkness and almost as if drugged by day", with relatively abrupt transitions each way. On the other hand, many marine mammals and migratory birds do not seem to sleep for long periods of time without suffering any obvious consequences. When engaged in constant activity, these animals close one eye and sleep one half of their brain at a time.

Other animals, including perhaps some lizards, sleep one hemisphere at a time in contexts of high predation risk. Might snakes that use sit-and-wait foraging strategies do something similar? I photographed this Sonoran Lyresnake Trimorphodon lambda during the day, but it was found at night. If lyresnakes sleep, it's probably during the day.