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  1. The Cognitive Benefits of Being Bilingual
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  4. Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism
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The Cognitive Benefits of Being Bilingual

The third part discusses practical applications of the idea of bilingual cognition, such as marketing and translation. The volume is essential reading for researchers and postgraduate students with an interest in language and cognition, or in bilingualism and second languages. It brings together contributions from international leading figures in various disciplines and showcases contemporary research on the emerging area of bilingual cognition Halfway through the study, the puppet began appearing on the opposite side of the screen.

The cognitive and neurological benefits of bilingualism also extend into older adulthood. Bilingual experience may contribute to this reserve by keeping the cognitive mechanisms sharp and helping to recruit alternate brain networks to compensate for those that become damaged during aging. Older bilingual people enjoy improved memory 26 and executive control 9 relative to older monolingual people, which can lead to real-world health benefits.

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Likewise, bilingual patients were diagnosed 4. If the brain is an engine, bilingualism may help to improve its mileage, allowing it to go farther on the same amount of fuel. The cognitive and neurological benefits of bilingualism extend from early childhood to old age as the brain more efficiently processes information and staves off cognitive decline.

Despite certain linguistic limitations that have been observed in bilinguals e. The cognitive, neural, and social advantages observed in bilingual people highlight the need to consider how bilingualism shapes the activity and the architecture of the brain, and ultimately how language is represented in the human mind, especially since the majority of speakers in the world experience life through more than one language.


  1. Bilingualism: Language and Cognition | Cambridge Core?
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  5. Language and Bilingual Cognition - Google Книги.

Article available online at http: National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Cerebrum v. Viorica Marian , Ph. Marian received a Ph. Marian directs the Bilingualism and Psycholinguistics Laboratory and uses cognitive, behavioral, and neurological measures to study human language capacity and the consequences of bilingualism for linguistic, cognitive, and neural function.

Anthony Shook is a doctoral candidate in the department of communication sciences and disorders at Northwestern University. His research investigates bilingualism and what it can reveal about language, with a focus on how two or more languages interact at multiple levels of processing and the effect of this interaction on the language system.

Shook uses behavioral and neurological methods, as well as computational modeling, to explore the form and architecture of the bilingual language comprehension system.

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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Open in a separate window. Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism Research has overwhelmingly shown that when a bilingual person uses one language, the other is active at the same time. Improvements in Learning Being bilingual can have tangible practical benefits.

Cognitive Consequences of Bilingualism

Protecting Against Age-Related Decline The cognitive and neurological benefits of bilingualism also extend into older adulthood. Conclusion The cognitive and neurological benefits of bilingualism extend from early childhood to old age as the brain more efficiently processes information and staves off cognitive decline. Footnotes Article available online at http: European Commission Special Eurobarometer Europeans and their languages.

Retrieved October 1, , from http: Marian V, Spivey M. Bilingual and monolingual processing of competing lexical items. Eye movements and lexical access in spoken-language comprehension: Evaluating a linking hypothesis between fixations and linguistic processing.