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Most coefficient values range from 0. The present study was focused on the effects that workplace may have on the emotional health of the medical-nursing staff of a local hospital and coping strategies employed for stressful situations. Health workers that during the course of the study were absent, or on sick leave or on vacation, were excluded. The study has the following limitations.
The sample consisted from healthcare professionals working in one local hospital, thus the sample is small and cannot be thought to be representative for the whole country. Also, it cannot be certain if the participants answered in full honesty all the questionnaire items, although clear instructions had been provided to the participants before and during the questionnaire completion. Also the participants completed themselves the questionnaires, in order to feel more free and honest. After the data were coded, a preliminary test took place in order to see if the data could be used for parametric statistical analysis.
Explore and Frequencies processes showed equal variations among compare groups and that normal distribution applied. Since it was established that the sample was indeed random and continuous depended variables were defined, parametric tests took place in order for the mean values. Our sample consisted of persons 58 males, females , and Regarding education level, The mean values were the following: Female participants scored higher in the following scales: T-test for men and women according to the Greek edition of the Coping Strategies for Stressful Events questionnaire.
Italics the statistically significant results. The existence of a health problem also seems to play a role. Family status seems to influence positive approach and its sub-factors. This finding confirms that divorced and widowed individuals, because of their family status, tend not to use the above-mentioned strategies. Also years of employment seem to account for significant variations. It seems that newer workers do not usually try to solve problems actively, perhaps because of short-term contracts, or their professional roles resident doctor, novice nurse, etc. Self-reported health status regarding signs of positive approach A ; positive reassessment B ; and problem solving C.
T-test regarding health related problems according to the questionnaire of the Coping Strategies for Stressful Events. M, mean; SD, standard deviation; test, non parametric Mann Whitney if indicated by , otherwise t-test. Bonferroni criterion for statistically significant differences regarding family status and questionnaire scales. The mean difference is significant at the 0. Bonferroni criterion for the years of working for the Coping Strategies for Stressful Events questionnaire. The CSSE questionnaire was used in order to examine coping strategies employed by those healthcare professionals.
Regarding demographics, gender seems to influence the wishful thinking scale, since female participants scored higher. This finding is in agreement with a previous Greek study, 22 which included doctors working in a public hospital. In this study it was found that female doctors employ emotion-centered CSSEs, such as wishful thinking, seeking help from God, while male doctors employ more often problem solving and positive approach.
On the other hand, relevant studies that included nurses working in hospitals in Australia and New Zealand regarding stress and coping with it, showed that female nurses used problem-centered coping strategies for dealing with stress in the workplace. The existence of a health problem also seemed to play a role. Participants who did not report health issues scored higher in positive approach and its subscales, but also in denial too.
On the other hand, family status single, married, widowed, divorced, separated seemed to have an effect on positive approach and its sub-factors, positive re-assessment and problem solving. Single and married individuals use more often strategies pertaining to problem solving, positive approach and reassessment, compared to divorced and widowed individuals.
This finding is in agreement with a study by Cooper et al. More specifically, those who had been employed for years reported using the above mentioned strategies more often than newer professionals who had been working for years, who used more often the positive approach strategy. Also, those who had been working for years resort more often to hands-on problem solving than newer health workers with years of employment.
Regarding quality of life, newer healthy workers scored higher in all sub-scales compared to those who had been working for years. Newer health workers develop healthier social relationships and enjoy better mental and physical health compared to those who had been working for more than 10 years.
The way participants perceive their health status through a single question, seemed to have an effect on the mean values of positive approach, positive re-assessment and problem solving scales of the questionnaire. More specifically, when health workers deal their health status by using the above mentioned strategies, they have less stress symptoms and better quality of life. And when denial is the strategy more often chosen, the symptoms decrease again. Gender can also be a significant factor, since females seemed to enjoy better physical health compared to males.
Coping Strategies for Stressful Events play a central role in the interaction between individuals and their environment. Consequently, their effect on physical and psychosocial health is significant. Based on our findings, the following measures are proposed: Health workers could be trained to employ relaxation techniques and stress management strategies.
Creation and development of psychological support and counseling programs. Wider participation of new doctors and nurses in the creation of health policies and the decision-making processes. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U. Journal List Health Psychol Res v. Published online Apr General Hospital of Argolida, Argos, Greece. General Hospital of Argolida, Dim. Ypsilantou 15, Argos Greece.
This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Coping strategies, stressful conditions, healthcare professionals, doctors and nurses, work environment. Introduction In an era of intense industrialization, rapid technological advent and globalization, employees are expected to work more intensely and successfully deliver more. Materials and Methods Study sample In order to include all relevant specialties and professional groups, stratified random sampling was used for the selection of the participants.
Study instrument A standardized questionnaire was used in the present study. Study limitations The present study was focused on the effects that workplace may have on the emotional health of the medical-nursing staff of a local hospital and coping strategies employed for stressful situations.
Statistical analysis After the data were coded, a preliminary test took place in order to see if the data could be used for parametric statistical analysis. Results Our sample consisted of persons 58 males, females , and Open in a separate window.
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