Guide Twice Queen of France: Anne of Brittany

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Louis's first marriage was dissolved by Pope Alexander VI before the end of the year. Anne's third marriage contract , signed the day of her marriage Nantes, 7 January , was concluded under conditions radically different from those of the second. She was no longer a child, but a Dowager Queen, and determined to ensure the recognition of her rights as sovereign Duchess from that point forward.

Although her new husband exercised the ruler's powers in Brittany, he formally recognized her right to the title "Duchess of Brittany" and issued decisions in her name. Also, she ensured that their second child, son or daughter, would inherit the duchy of Brittany, [32] a clause that would not be respected in the future.

She built the tomb of her parents at Nantes Cathedral where her heart would also return under the terms of her last will with the symbols of the four virtues: Courage, Temperance, Justice and Prudence, that she always tried to wear. All Italian arts were appreciated by the Queen. As Duchess, Anne fiercely defended the independence of her Duchy. She arranged the marriage of her daughter, Claude, heiress of the Duchy, to Charles of Austria , to reinforce the Franco-Spanish alliance and ensure French success in the Italian Wars. However, the engagement was cancelled by Louis XII when it became likely that Anne would not produce a male heir.

It is at this point that she took the opportunity to tour the Duchy, visiting many places she had never been able to see as a child. Officially it was a pilgrimage to the Breton shrines, but in reality it was a political journey and an act of independence that sought to assert her sovereignty over the Duchy.

From June to September , she made triumphal entries into the cities of the Duchy, where her vassals received her sumptuously. In addition, she ensured the proper collection of taxes. Her husband ignored this, confirmed Claude as Duchess, and married her to Francis the year following Anne's death. When Francis became king in , the Duchy of Brittany was once again the property of the queen consort of France. She was buried in the necropolis of Saint Denis. Her funeral was exceptionally long, lasting 40 days, and it inspired all future French royal funerals until the 18th century.


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La reine est morte! The Queen is dead! According to her will, Anne's heart was placed in a raised enamel gold reliquary , then transported to Nantes to be deposited in her parents' tomb in the chapel of the Carmelite friars. This was done on 19 March , but it was later transferred to the Saint-Pierre Cathedral. It is inscribed on the obverse as follows:.

In , by order of the National Convention , the reliquary was disinterred and emptied as part of the collection of precious metals belonging to churches. It was sent to Paris to be melted down, but was kept instead in the National Library. The baldachin was in arcades, and in the base of the sarcophagus were depicted the victories of Louis XII Battle of Agnadello , the triumphal entry into Milan , statues of the Twelve Apostles and the four Cardinal virtues , the work of the Juste brothers, Italian sculptors who received the order in The transi whose realism was so shocking that it included an open abdomen stitched after the extraction of the entrails [42] and orans before a Prie-dieu crowning the platform are attributed to Guillaume Regnault.

Anne of Brittany - Wikipedia

Alexandre Lenoir saved much of the monument, which was preserved in the Museum of French Monuments in before being returned to the Royal Basilica under the Second Bourbon Restoration. Anne was a highly intelligent woman who spent much of her time on the administration of Brittany. She was described as shrewd, proud and haughty in manner. Anne was also a patron of the arts and enjoyed music. A prolific collector of tapestries, it is very likely that the unicorn tapestries now on view at The Cloisters museum in New York City were commissioned by her in celebration of her wedding to Louis XII.

She also patronized printed books and their authors. She was a devoted mother, spending as much time as possible with her children. She commissioned a book of prayers for her son, Charles-Orland, to use in teaching him how to pray, and as guidance for his role as future King of France. Unfortunately, Charles-Orland died in , and no other son lived more than a few weeks. These innovations influenced later French courts.

By the time of her marriage to Louis, aged 22, after seven pregnancies with no surviving children, she was described as pale-faced and wan. By the end of her life, at 36, she had been pregnant 14 times, from which only two children survived to adulthood. Each miscarriage or stillbirth is said to have delighted the ambitious Louise of Savoy , whose son Francis was the heir apparent under the Salic Law.


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There even existed contemporary rumours that Louise used witchcraft to kill Anne's sons. Through her granddaughter Margaret, Duchess of Savoy Claude's youngest daughter , Anne of Brittany was the ancestor of Vittorio Emanuele, Prince of Naples , the current pretender to the throne of Italy. Anne had inherited from her predecessors the Breton dynastic emblems: As a personal emblem, she also used the letter "A" crowned, with the motto Non mudera "I will not change" and a particular form of the father's cord, knotted at 8.

Her emblems were joined in the decoration of her castles and manuscripts with those of her husbands: Cours Saint-Pierre, Nantes, France.

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In the following centuries, historians and popular culture sometimes presented Anne of Brittany in differing fashions, ascribing to her physical and psychological characteristics that are not necessarily supported by historical evidence. After her death, she was gradually forgotten until the midth century. After the foundation of the Breton Association in , Breton regionalists sought a figure which could embody their ideal of agrarian and regional renewal, while expressing their attachment to the French nation.

Many myths now surround Anne of Brittany, as a woman forced into an arranged marriage with Charles VIII, the Duchess of Brittany committed to the independence and happiness of her country, or otherwise of a Queen symbol of union and peace between Brittany and France. It has become an issue between those Breton historians pursuing a mythologizing of their past, and those forging a national historiography with the myth of a French nation one and indivisible. This symbolism explains the release of fifty books during the last years giving contrasting visions of Anne: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Anne Of Brittany

For the rock opera, see Anne de Bretagne rock opera. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

September Learn how and when to remove this template message. Representations of Anne of Brittany. Ancestors of Anne of Brittany Then you can start reading Kindle books on your smartphone, tablet, or computer - no Kindle device required. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number.

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It is illustrated with 16th-century portraits and pictures of some of the castles where Anne lived. Read more Read less. Kindle Cloud Reader Read instantly in your browser. Customers who bought this item also bought. Page 1 of 1 Start over Page 1 of 1. Love and Duty at Anne of Brittany's Court. Passion and Politics in Late Medieval France: The Eighteenth Century Woman. Lady of the Court: Sponsored products related to this item What's this?

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A young woman's journey of self-discovery and how she survived the Na A different kind of military memoir and naval history where women, warships, scandal and a diary-honest psychological journey all take center stage. I finished this book over a long, drawn out weekend where I ended up sick. I had never read much of Anne of Brittany before, but found this book at a library book sale and was sucked in, as I tend to be with any historical fiction from the and s.

While it certainly wasn't always the most exciting in its presentation of the materials, there was a lot of information packed into this book without it reading dryly. Dec 12, Renee added it Shelves: A favorite from middle school - an interesting account of an amazing life. I'm glad I rediscovered it. Jan 11, Amy rated it it was amazing. I read this in my sophmore history class and I remember loving it. Mar 07, Sue rated it liked it.

Apr 09, Rachel rated it really liked it Shelves: This was one of my earliest forays into reading about royals. I believe I picked this up at a second hand book sale and loved it! It was gratifying visiting Brittany in person a few years later. Lynne Ortolan rated it it was ok Sep 29, Analiza rated it really liked it Sep 16, Anajoy-rusticgirl rated it really liked it Apr 29, Cassy rated it liked it Sep 05, Susan Abernethy rated it it was amazing Oct 20, Roberta rated it it was amazing May 26, Sarah rated it liked it Sep 13, Gillian rated it it was amazing Jul 12, Elizabeth rated it really liked it Dec 28, Stephanie Drilling rated it it was amazing Nov 23, Ginny rated it really liked it Jan 12, Susan Lee rated it really liked it Sep 09,