Spain joined the European Union, experiencing a renaissance and steady economic growth. Priest — A priest or priestess, is a person authorized to perform the sacred rituals of a religion, especially as a mediatory agent between humans and one or more deities. They also have the authority or power to administer religious rites, in particular, rites of sacrifice to, and propitiation of and their office or position is the priesthood, a term which also may apply to such persons collectively. The necessity to read sacred texts and keep temple or church records helped foster literacy in early societies.
Priests exist in many religions today, such as all or some branches of Judaism, Christianity, the question of which religions have a priest depends on how the titles of leaders are used or translated into English. In some cases, leaders are more like those that other believers will often turn to for advice on spiritual matters, for example, clergy in Roman Catholicism and Eastern Orthodoxy are priests, but in Protestant Christianity they are typically minister and pastor.
The terms priest and priestess are sufficiently generic that they may be used in a sense to describe the religious mediators of an unknown or otherwise unspecified religion. In many religions, being a priest or priestess is a full-time position, many Christian priests and pastors choose or are mandated to dedicate themselves to their churches and receive their living directly from their churches. In some religions, being a priest or priestess is by election or human choice. In Judaism the priesthood is inherited in familial lines, in a theocracy, a society is governed by its priesthood.
The word priest, is derived from Greek, via Latin presbyter. Old High German also has the disyllabic priester, priestar, apparently derived from Latin independently via Old French presbtre, the Latin presbyter ultimately represents Greek presbyteros, the regular Latin word for priest being sacerdos, corresponding to Greek hiereus.
That English should have only the term priest to translate presbyter. The feminine English noun, priestess, was coined in the 17th century, in the 20th century, the word was used in controversies surrounding the ordination of women. In the case of the ordination of women in the Anglican communion, it is common to speak of priests. In historical polytheism, a priest administers the sacrifice to a deity, in the Ancient Near East, the priesthood also acted on behalf of the deities in managing their property.
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Priestesses in antiquity often performed sacred prostitution, and in Ancient Greece, some such as Pythia, priestess at Delphi. Sumerian and Akkadian Entu or EN were top-ranking priestesses who were distinguished with special ceremonial attire and they owned property, transacted business, and initiated the hieros gamos ceremony with priests and kings. Madrid — Madrid is the capital city of the Kingdom of Spain and the largest municipality in both the Community of Madrid and Spain as a whole.
The city has a population of almost 3.
It is the third-largest city in the European Union after London and Berlin, the municipality itself covers an area of As the capital city of Spain, seat of government, and residence of the Spanish monarch, Madrid is also the political, economic, the current mayor is Manuela Carmena from Ahora Madrid.
Madrid is the 17th most liveable city in the according to Monocle magazine. A wider number of theories have been formulated on possible earlier origins, according to legend, Madrid was founded by Ocno Bianor and was named Metragirta or Mantua Carpetana. The most ancient recorded name of the city Magerit comes from the name of a built on the Manzanares River in the 9th century AD. Nevertheless, it is speculated that the origin of the current name of the city comes from the 2nd century BC.
The Roman Empire established a settlement on the banks of the Manzanares river, the name of this first village was Matrice. The city was thriving and was given the title of Villa, since , Madrid won the right to be a city with representation in the courts of Castile. Exorcist — In some religions, an exorcist is a person who is believed to be able to cast out the devil or other demons. A priest, a nun, a monk, a healer, an exorcist is a person who performs the ridding of demons or other supernatural beings who are alleged to have possessed a person, or a building or even an object.
In a Roman Catholic context, exorcist may refer to a cleric who has been ordained into the order of exorcist. Since at least the third century, the Latin Church has formally ordained men to the order of exorcist. These exorcists routinely performed ceremonies over adults and infants preparing to be baptised, authors such as Eusebius and Augustine provide details of these minor exorcisms, Eusebius mentions the imposition of hands and prayer.
Augustine noted that rites of exorcism by exsufflation were also performed for the baptism of infants, by the twentieth century, the order had become purely ceremonial. As a minor order, exorcists wore the surplice and it was left open to the Catholic bishops of individual countries to petition the Vatican to establish a ministry of exorcist if it seemed useful in that nation. The Eastern Churches did not establish a order of exorcist.
In principle, every Christian has the power to command demons, the Catechism of the Catholic Church states that, Jesus performed exorcisms and from him the Church has received the power and office of exorcizing. The revised Code of Canon Law similarly stated that the bishop is to give this permission only to a presbyter who has piety, knowledge, prudence, the Catholic Churchs Rite of Exorcism was revised in Paragraph 13 of its states that a priest can be appointed by the local Bishop either for a single act of exorcism.
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The Rite then specifies that whenever it uses the word exorcist without qualification, among notable exorcists, Gabriele Amorth served as chief exorcist of the Diocese of Rome, he was the founder of the International Association of Exorcists. Beliefs and practices pertaining to the practice of exorcism are prominently connected with the ancient Dravidians in the south, of the four Vedas, the Atharva Veda is said to contain the secrets related to magic and medicine.
Many of the rituals described in this book are for casting out demons and these beliefs are particularly strong and practiced in West Bengal, Odisha and southern states like Kerala. Vaishnava traditions also employ a recitation of names of Lord Narasimha, main Puranic resource on ghost- and death-related information is Garuda Purana. Euteneuer Exorcisms in the Catholic Church. Barbastro — Barbastro is a city in the Somontano county, province of Huesca, Spain.
The city is at the junction of the rivers Cinca and Vero, an ancient Celtiberian city called Bergidum or Bergiduna, in Roman times Barbastro was included in the Hispania Citerior region, and later of Hispania Tarraconensis. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, it was part of the Visigoth kingdom. Barbastro and the Barbitaniya area were overtaken by Musa bin Nusair in , as part of the Ummayad push to conquer northern states of the Marca Hispanica and the name Madyar was given to the town. It was later settled by the Banu Jalaf who made it the capital of the Emirate of Barbineta and Huesca until , and was known as the Emirate of Brabstra until Contemporary sources state that 50, people died in the attack, the following year, however, it was reconquered by the Moors.
In it was conquered by Peter I of Aragon, who made it a bishopric seat, Barbastro since then followed the history of Aragon and Spain. During the Spanish Civil War 51 Claretians were executed in Barbastro by militiamen of the Popular Front, numerous socialist, republican and communist activists were jailed and executed in the following years by the Fascist regime of Francisco Franco.
Antonio Ricardos Carrillo de Albornoz, was a general of the Spanish army. The Reverend — The Reverend is an honorific style most often placed before the names of Christian clergy and ministers. There are sometimes differences in the way the style is used in different countries, the Reverend is correctly called a style but is often and in some dictionaries called a title, form of address or title of respect.
The style is sometimes used by leaders in non-Christian religions such as Judaism and Buddhism. The term is an anglicisation of the Latin reverendus, the originally used in Latin documents in medieval Europe. It is the gerundive or future passive participle of the verb revereri, the Reverend is therefore equivalent to The Honourable or The Venerable. In traditional and formal English usage, both British and American, it is considered incorrect to drop the definite article, the. In practice, however, the is not used in both written and spoken English.
When the style is used within a sentence, the is correctly in lower-case, the usual abbreviations for Reverend are Rev. The Reverend is traditionally used as a form with first names and surname. Use of the prefix with the surname alone is considered a solecism in traditional usage, in some countries, especially Britain, Anglican clergy are acceptably addressed by the title of their office, such as Vicar, Rector, or Archdeacon.
This has traditionally been considered grammatically incorrect on the basis that it is equivalent to referring to a judge as being an honourable or a man as being a mister.
It is likewise incorrect to form the plural Reverends, in some churches, especially Protestant churches in the United States, ordained ministers are often addressed as Pastor. Pastor, however, is considered correct in some churches when the minister in question is the head of a church or congregation. Male Christian priests are addressed as Father or, for example. In England, however, even Roman Catholic priests were often referred to as Mr until the 20th century except when members of a religious order, Mr is still not incorrect for priests of the Church of England.
Some female Anglican or Old Catholic priests use the style The Reverend Mother and are addressed as Mother, the Reverend may be modified to reflect ecclesiastical standing and rank.
- Ratgeber Stiften, Band 1: Planen - Gründen - Recht und Steuern (German Edition).
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- Always Ready (Mills & Boon Blaze) (Uniformly Hot!, Book 3).
WorldCat — WorldCat is a union catalog that itemizes the collections of 72, libraries in countries and territories that participate in the Online Computer Library Center global cooperative. OCLC was founded in under the leadership of Fred Kilgour and that same year, OCLC began to develop the union catalog technology that would later evolve into WorldCat, the first catalog records were added in It contains more than million records, representing over 2 billion physical and digital assets in languages and it is the worlds largest bibliographic database.
In , WorldCat Identities began providing pages for 20 million identities, predominantly authors, WorldCat operates on a batch processing model rather than a real-time model. That is, WorldCat records are synchronized at intermittent intervals with the library catalogs instead of real-time or every day.
Consequently, WorldCat shows that an item is owned by a particular library. WorldCat does not indicate whether or not an item is borrowed, lost, undergoing restoration or repair. Why you cant find a book in your search engine. Integrated Authority File — The Integrated Authority File or GND is an international authority file for the organisation of personal names, subject headings and corporate bodies from catalogues.
It is used mainly for documentation in libraries and increasingly also by archives, the GND is managed by the German National Library in cooperation with various regional library networks in German-speaking Europe and other partners. The GND falls under the Creative Commons Zero license, the GND specification provides a hierarchy of high-level entities and sub-classes, useful in library classification, and an approach to unambiguous identification of single elements.
It also comprises an ontology intended for knowledge representation in the semantic web, available in the RDF format. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Years later, and with a greater scope of knowledge in the topic, Summa Daemoniaca was published.
This book analyzes the world of demons, the final damnation state of the soul, the inter-relationship of the fallen angels among themselves and with respect to angels, human beings and God. This book ends with an analysis about evil itself. The book Exorcistica is a supplemental publication of Summa Daemoniaca. It is as extensive as the book it supplements: The book, Anneliese Michelle, a Case of Possession, analyzes the case of a possessed German girl who died in In A Mysterious God, the question about charismatic gifts is analyzed as well.
Fortea has been prolific in regards to exploring the literature field. The following is a complete list of his publications classified by genres: Decalogia or Saga of the Apocalipse: Abstracts from the Revelation Era Book Ten: Other Works Eimeric, Nicolau: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Archived from the original on 3 November Retrieved 24 September