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- US NAVY FACT FILE Battleships BB USS New Jersey by U.S. Department of the Navy
- US NAVY FACT FILE Battleships BB-16 USS New Jersey
Members of this camp allege that this action forced a shift in the previously neutral U. The accuracy of New Jersey ' s guns was also called into question. Once she fired, it was obvious she couldn't hit anything. Powder lots an individual production of powder burn at different rates. Therefore, remixing the powder lots could cause the guns to fire inconsistently. The problem was apparently resolved after the Navy was able to locate additional powder supplies which had not been remixed.
In New Jersey began her next deployment, this time operating as part of the Pacific Fleet and as the centerpiece of her own battle group. This was first time that New Jersey had operational control of her own group of escorts since the Korean War, and she cruised from Hawaii to Thailand in , freeing up U.
According to a declassified command history for the nuclear-armed battleship New Jersey , during her transit through the Sea of Okhotsk on 27—28 September , "close passes" were made by Soviet Bear and Badger bombers, a Hormone helicopter, and a May maritime patrol airplane. The maneuver, according to the command history, "marked the first time a U. Following an overhaul at Long Beach which lasted into New Jersey returned to the Pacific Ocean, this time operating as part of a surface action group.
The battleship operated near the coast of Korea prior to the opening of the Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea , then departed for Australia to participate in the Australian bicentennial celebrations. In April , as New Jersey was preparing for her last operational cruise, sister ship Iowa suffered a catastrophic explosion in her No. Naval officials to freeze live fire exercises with the guns until the investigation into the explosion was concluded.
Eventually, the ban was lifted and New Jersey was allowed to use her big guns again. New Jersey' s final cruise began in as part of Pacific Exercise ' Upon completion of the exercise, New Jersey sailed through the Indian Ocean and into the Persian Gulf, in the process becoming the centerpiece for various battle groups and surface action groups. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early s and the lack of a perceived threat against the United States came drastic cuts to the defense budget, and the high cost of maintaining battleships as part of the active fleet became uneconomical; as a result, New Jersey was decommissioned for the final time at Naval Station Long Beach , California, on 8 February , with the ship serving a total of 21 years the most of the four Iowa ' s in active service.
The decision to decommission New Jersey robbed the battleship of the chance to participate in Operation Desert Storm in , a military campaign to forcibly remove Iraqi invasion troops from Kuwait. Hostilities had commenced on or about 15 January and sister ships Missouri and Wisconsin were engaging Iraqi targets with Tomahawk missiles at the time of New Jersey ' s decommissioning. Following her decommissioning New Jersey was towed to Bremerton, Washington , where she remained in reserve until struck from the Naval Vessel Register in January Section of the National Defense Authorization Act of required the United States Navy to reinstate to the Naval Vessel Register two of the Iowa -class battleships that had been struck by the Navy in ; these ships were to be maintained in the United States Navy reserve fleets or "mothball fleet".
The Navy was to ensure that both of the reinstated battleships were in good condition and could be reactivated for use in the Marine Corps' amphibious operations. The cost to fix New Jersey was considered less than the cost to fix Iowa ;  as a result, New Jersey and Wisconsin were reinstated to the Naval Vessel Register and placed back in the reserve fleet.
Section also required the transferee to locate the battleship in the State of New Jersey. Both teams submitted plans to operate and maintain the battleship as a museum. After a review of both plans, the Navy selected the Home Port Alliance as the battleship's final resting place.
Secretary of the Navy Richard Danzig made the announcement on 20 January ,  and on 15 October of that year New Jersey arrived at her final resting place on the Camden Waterfront. Shortly after her arrival New Jersey was opened to the public, officially beginning her new career as a museum ship with the name Battleship New Jersey Museum and Memorial. Self-guided tours, guided group tours, and overnight encampments are offered on the floating museum.
New Jersey has been placed on several historic registers. In , while the ship was still in the mothball fleet, the New Jersey State Review Board for Historic Sites recommended that it "be listed in the New Jersey Register of Historic Places, contingent upon the transfer of the battleship to New Jersey waters. Based on these New Jersey holds the distinction of being the most decorated battleship in US history. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Iowa-class battleship and Armament of the Iowa-class battleship. National Register of Historic Places. New Jersey license plates Battleship New Jersey Museum and Memorial. Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 27 October The New York Times. Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Retrieved 27 May Halsey held the rank of a four star Admiral throughout the Second World War. In December , four months after the official surrender of the Japanese, he was promoted to the rank of Fleet Admiral and awarded his fifth star.
Archived from the original on 7 December Pacific Typhoon, 18 December ". Archived from the original on 3 January Retrieved 8 January Archived from the original on 18 October America's Century Long Romance with the Battleship". In Lightbody, Andy; Blaine, Taylor. No compelling evidence exists to support or refute these claims.
United States General Accounting Office. Federation of American Scientists. Archived from the original on 15 July Retrieved 8 June Archived from the original on 23 May Banta 26 September Marines in Lebanon — PDF. History and Museums Division, Marine Corps.
Library of Congress Card No. Archived from the original PDF on 12 August Smith and Dean Brelis 26 December Archived from the original on 5 January A Glimpse of Hell: Naval Accidents in the 20th Century. Miceli later led the technical investigation into the USS Iowa turret explosion in spite of the presumable conflict of interest with finding fault with powder that had been mixed and bagged under his direction. Richard Milligan, captain of New Jersey in February , led the first investigation into the Iowa explosion and whose findings were subsequently discredited and discarded. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.
National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from the original PDF on 20 June Retrieved 12 March Archived from the original on 19 March Retrieved 26 May Retrieved 10 November Archived from the original on 3 March Once the transfer is complete, the Historic Preservation Office will expedite processing of the application for Registration. Retrieved 19 April South Dakota class Followed by: List of battleships of the United States Navy. Surviving ships launched before District of Columbia Morocco. Retrieved from " https: Use dmy dates from February Pages using deprecated image syntax Coordinates on Wikidata Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships Featured articles.
State of New Jersey. Museum ship in Camden, New Jersey. Deck for up to 4 helicopters. Overview of the ship from a river ferry. Combat Action Ribbon with 1 star. Navy Unit Commendation with 1 star. Navy E Ribbon with 2 Battle Es. Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with 9 stars. Navy Occupation Service Medal. National Defense Service Medal with 2 stars. Korean Service Medal with 4 stars.
Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal with 1 star. Vietnam Service Medal with 3 stars. Navy Sea Service Deployment Ribbon with 3 stars. Philippine Presidential Unit Citation. Korean Presidential Unit Citation. Vietnam Cross of Gallantry. The ship is lying off Chong Jin, Korea. The three shells can be seen in the circle just above the top of the mountain range in the background. There are three Mk37 directors in the picture.
The forward director has the newer parabolic dish antenna and the other two have the older bedspring type antennas. Her 2 and-3 Mk. Spot One the Mk. On both sides of her Forward Air Defence Platform additional whip antennas for long-range reception and transmission and two extra TBS antennas have been mounted. Below this, a TDY jammer. Visible on the tripod type mast, recently installed on the Fletcher class destroyer Trathan is her SPS radar with SG above and some radio antennas.
Also visible a Mk. USN photo courtesy of Pieter Bakels. Photo shows shell deck crew moving projectiles from stationary stowage on lower shell flat, at left, to inner rotating ring of the turret for mechanical transfer to shell hoist shown in center of photo. Photo submitted by Bill Gonyo. The upraised green flag signifies that the pilot has permission to take off. Crash crew, in yellow helmets, are standing by with fire hoses ready.
This helicopter is Bureau Photograph is dated 14 April Note harbor defense nets beyond the ship. New Jersey BB gets double billing in this photo, dated 11 February In the center as first recommissioned in , and also after her first post-war overhaul, with changed radars and fire control. Small war time hull numbers have been replaced with larger, easily seen block numerals. The catapults were removed after WW2, the area now a helicopter landing area.
Some 40mm mounts are gone, but most remained on board until she was decommissioned on 24 February All 20mm gun mounts have been removed. From the looks of their rig, probably in the Atlantic after Korea. Ship closest to the camera is Iowa BB The others are from near to far: Ship leading the column is Wisconsin BB The others are in no particular order: The New Jersey BB rides at anchor circa her active period in the s. USN photo courtesy of David Buell. Photo taken from the radar platform on the foremast of Chewaucan AOG , very early on a Sunday morning.
The New Jersey , is tied to pier 7 and the Chewaucan was tied up to pier 5. There was no pier 6. You can see how small we were when you check the height of the horizon behind the New Jersey's mast. Commemorative post mark from New Jersey's BB last day in postal service. She would be decommissioned from 21 August through 5 April Oil on canvas painting by the artist James Flood entitled " New Jersey - Photo and partial text courtesy of oldgloryprints.
Mothball Fleet, Bayonne N. The aircraft carrier ahead of her is the Franklin CV Submitted by Robert M. Navy Yard in mothballs, April Iowa BB by the pier at the Phila. Pentagon officials said work would start almost immediately at the Philadelphia Navy yard in this file photo.
Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp. Note the Wisconsin BB in the background. The Navy named Capt. Alexander, a veteran destroyer skipper, will take command of the 45, ton ship after her commissioning next year. USN photo courtesy of Bill Gonyo. New Jersey BB on the move! Accepting the state flag of New Jersey is Captain F. Gooch, commander of the U. Naval Shipyard in Philadelphia.
US NAVY FACT FILE Battleships BB USS New Jersey by U.S. Department of the Navy
It was the first time the engines were turned over in eleven years in the Vietnam bound craft. The only tug still on the River today is the red tug to the left, Teresa McAllister , the second oldest operating on the River. Marcus Arnheiter as skipper of a destroyer escort in Alexander, right, whose defense of Arnheiter left cost him the plum assignment as skipper of the battleship New Jersey BB , said the Navy's handling of the so-called "Arnheiter Affair" jeopardized the standing of every military commander.
Navy Captain Richard G. Alexander, 45, was one of the most promising young four-stripers in the fleet. Last year the Navy Department rewarded that promise by giving him command of the New Jersey , which will become the world's only operational battleship when it is recommissioned this April. Last week the Navy Department revealed that Alexander had exercised the most ignominious prerogative open to a blue-water sailor: The request was promptly granted, and he was given shore duty. Alexander's humiliation derived from his bold backing of Lieut.
Commander Marcus Aurelius Arnheiter, the hyper-zealous skipper of the radar picket destroyer Vance DE who was removed from his command off Viet Nam [ time. Later, his conviction that Arnheiter's relief would sap the authority of every commanding officer overrode his concern for protocol; he openly demanded reconsideration of the Arnheiter case by Navy Secretary Paul Ignatius. Secretary, what all of your officers will demand to know is just how in hell this could happen in the U.
When the bill came due, Alexander paid it like an officer and a gentleman. No other heads are likely to roll, but many Navymen must be shaking theirs over the fall of Dick Alexander. Text courtesy of time. Note, however, the canvas-covered rocket launchers in her old 40mm gun tubs. They fired chaff rockets, which at this early stage were modified versions of the standard air launched Zuni, fired from aircraft-type four round launchers. The tripod abaft the after 5-inch mount was for replenishment at sea. Photo and text courtesy of U.
Bonner on 24 May Photo submitted courtesy of Robert M. Salvoes from New Jersey BB main batteries, after recommissioning in Note the presence of the aft upper-row twin 5" mounts, and the Chaffroc launchers in the former 40mm tubs around and between her funnels. Also, the much smaller marked helo landing area is consistent with that era. Compare it to the 25 June photos off San Clemente island. I'll bet it's from that period, as the forecastle tubs are still in place there, but are gone but the time she arrives of Vietnam.
They appear to still be there in the July 68 San Diego photos, but are gone by the time of the 9 September photo en route to Pearl Harbor. So that places removal of the tubs sometime between July-September 68, probably a yard period in San Diego. So that would place the photo sometime prior to July 68, very likely off San Clemente on 25 June. On 24 July New Jersey BB received inch shells and powder tanks from Mount Katmai AE by conventional highline transfer and by helicopter lift, the first time heavy battleship ammunition had been transferred by helicopter at sea.
Her helicopter is seen passing over her port bow in this photo. The foundation for number 3 gun turret and two rusting ventilators of the Arizona with more than 1, men still trapped in her are shown in the foreground. She is shown off Oahu, Hawaii, 11 September Although she appears festooned with radio antennas, in fact her communication suit was extremely austere. It symbolized a key problem of the reserve fleet.
Communication equipment changes relatively rapidly. Ships otherwise quite usable may be entirely unable to communicate with more modern craft unless they are given entirely new radio systems. The other major modification was for self defense: The ULQ-6B jammer was located in the box atop her foremast, its antennas projecting out on both sides. When the New Jersey was refitted again in , the box was retained as a base for a new SLQ system. It was not particularly convenient, and the other refitted battleships have a more streamlined ECM housing. The New Jersey had been laid up with her 40mm mounts in place.
All were removed when she was recommissioned, but the foreword gun tubs on the 01 level , painted white, were used by the crew as swimming pools. Note that the ship retained her old and quite obsolescent SPS air-search radar. Official USN photograph from the U. Naval Photographic Center,courtesy of Robert M. Drawing courtesy of artbywayne. Bringle third from left , Com 7th Fleet. Off the coast of Vietnam, November Note the large ULQ-6 electronic countermeasures system antenna installation on her fire control tower.
Photographed by PH1 Larry H. This is from the Okinawa cruise book AP Wire photo courtesy of Tommy Trampp. Bombarding enemy targets near Tuyho, on South Vietnam's central coast, during her last line period, late in March Photographed by PH2 Monty L. Naval Photographic Center, courtesy of Robert M. This was her first visit to her home port in eight months.
Through the summer months, New Jersey's crew toiled to make her ready for another deployment. Deficiencies discovered on the gun line were remedied, as all hands looked forward to another opportunity to prove the mighty warship's worth in combat. Reasons of economy were to dictate otherwise. On 22 August the Secretary of Defense released a list of names of ships to be inactivated; at the top of the list was New Jersey's.
Shipple, 30 June I took this photo from the viewing point on the north end of the Golden Gate bridge. Roach, a Tempera on paper, June-August In , the New Jersey BB was reactivated and outfitted to serve as a heavy bombardment ship in Vietnam. At recommissioning, it was the only active battleship in the U. Between late September and early April , it participated in Operation Sea Dragon, providing offshore gunfire support against inland and coastal targets. Soon there after, the Navy decided to reduce heavy bombardment forces in Southeast Asia. New Jersey was again decommissioned in December Photo and text courtesy of oldgloryprints.
She arrived at Yokosuka for a two-day visit, sailing for the United States 9 April. Her homecoming, however, was to be delayed. On the 15th, while New Jersey was still at sea, North Korean jet fighters shot down an unarmed EC "Constellation" electronic surveillance plane over the Sea of Japan, killing its entire crew.
She entered the Neutrality Patrol at the beginning of World War II , and served as a convoy escort for ships to Iceland and Great Britain in the early phase of the war. She saw her first combat against coastal artillery during Operation Torch around Casablanca in North Africa , and later became a training ship. Late in the war, she moved to the Pacific , and provided naval gunfire support for the invasion of Iwo Jima and later the invasion of Okinawa.
Returning to Pearl Harbor for repairs until the end of the war, she was classified obsolete and was chosen to take part in the Operation Crossroads nuclear weapon tests at Bikini Atoll in She survived both explosions and the effects of radiation on the ship were studied for several years. She was eventually sunk as a target in She received three battle stars for her service.
New York was the first of two planned New York -class battleships , though construction on her began after her sister, Texas.
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Armor on her barbettes was between 10 and 12 inches. Her conning tower was protected by 12 inches of armor, with 4 inches of armor on its top. The class was the last to feature a turret mounted amidships. The 5-inch guns were poor in accuracy in rough seas due to the open casemates mounted in the hull, so the 5-inch armament was reduced to 16 guns in by removal of the least useful positions near the ends of the ship.
The torpedo rooms held 12 torpedoes total, plus 12 naval defense mines. However, the wreck site for that ship, which has become a popular recreational dive site , is still commonly referred to as USS New York.
US NAVY FACT FILE Battleships BB-16 USS New Jersey
Under the command of Captain Thomas S. Rodgers ,  New York headed straight for Veracruz following its commissioning. It later became a tradition on the ship to help the underprivileged when possible, earning it the nickname "Christmas Ship. The ships of the U. New York scored the highest score of the ships for her main battery, with an accuracy of She did not fire any shots during the war, but during at least two occasions, the convoy she was escorting came under attack by German U-boats.
It was immediately clear to the men on board that she had struck an underwater object, but the depth of the channel meant it could not have been a shipwreck. Commanders concluded that New York must have accidentally collided with a submerged U-boat. Badly damaged by the loss of a propeller, the ship sailed to Rosyth under heavy escort for repairs on 15 October. Due to this, historian Jerry Jones believes that the U-boat captain misjudged the ship's speed.
With no further damage, however, the battleship was able to safely arrive at a drydock in Rosyth. As she was lifted clear of the water, a large dent commensurate with a submarine bow was found in her hull. Arriving back in the United States in , she began to undertake training and patrol duties, including at one point to the Caribbean with a number of other U.